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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Chitosan/tripolyphosphate nanoparticles loaded with paraquat herbicide: An environmentally safer alternative for weed control

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Grillo, Renato [1, 2] ; Pereira, Anderson E. S. [1, 2] ; Nishisaka, Caroline S. [3] ; de Lima, Renata [3] ; Oehlke, Kathleen [4] ; Greiner, Ralf [4] ; Fraceto, Leonardo F. [1, 2]
Total Authors: 7
[1] UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Dept Environm Engn, BR-18087180 Sorocaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Biochem, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sorocaba, Dept Biotechnol, Sorocaba, SP - Brazil
[4] Max Rubner Inst, Dept Food Technol & Bioproc Engn, Karlsruhe - Germany
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS; v. 278, p. 163-171, AUG 15 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 71

Paraquat is a fast acting nonselective contact herbicide that is extensively used worldwide. However, the aqueous solubility and soil sorption of this compound can cause problems of toxicity in nontarget organisms. This work investigates the preparation and characterization of nanoparticles composed of chitosan and sodium tripolyphosphate (TPP) to produce an efficient herbicidal formulation that was less toxic and could be used for safer control of weeds in agriculture. The toxicities of the formulations were evaluated using cell culture viability assays and the Allium cepa chromosome aberration test. The herbicidal activity was investigated in cultivations of maize (Zea mays) and mustard (Brassica sp.), and soil sorption of the nanoencapsulated herbicide was measured. The efficiency association of paraquat with the nanoparticles was 62.6 +/- 0.7%. Encapsulation of the herbicide resulted in changes in its diffusion and release as well as its sorption by soil. Cytotoxicity and genotoxicity assays showed that the nanoencapsulated herbicide was less toxic than the pure compound, indicating its potential to control weeds while at the same time reducing environmental impacts. Measurements of herbicidal activity showed that the effectiveness of paraquat was preserved after encapsulation. It was concluded that the encapsulation of paraquat in nanoparticles can provide a useful means of reducing adverse impacts on human health and the environment, and that the formulation therefore has potential for use in agriculture. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/12322-2 - Nanoparticles as carrier systems for bioactive compounds aiming agriculture applications
Grantee:Leonardo Fernandes Fraceto
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 11/01872-6 - Polymeric nanoparticles as delivery system for herbicides: preparation, characterization, interaction with humic substances and assessment of biological activity
Grantee:Renato Grillo
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate