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Entree

Impact of international agricultural markets' liberalization on the Brazilian Amazon Forest

Processo: 10/52038-3
Linha de fomento:Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Vigência: 01 de janeiro de 2011 - 31 de agosto de 2012
Área do conhecimento:Ciências Sociais Aplicadas - Economia - Economias Agrária e dos Recursos Naturais
Convênio/Acordo: MIT
Pesquisador responsável:Ricardo Abramovay
Beneficiário:Ricardo Abramovay
Pesq. responsável no exterior: Karen Rosal Polenske
Instituição no exterior: Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Estados Unidos
Instituição-sede: Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade (FEA). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brasil
Assunto(s):Desmatamento  Impactos ambientais  Produção agrícola  Amazônia Brasileira 

Resumo

The Amazon deforestation issue is a question that concerns all the world as it has important consequences in terms of its environmental impacts and global warming. However, currently the question of possible environmental impacts of international agricultural markets' liberalization on Amazon deforestation is not definitively answered. These issues are crucial not only for the world, but specifically for Brazil, where the agricultural sector is of utmost importance. In this context, the general objective of this proposal is to analyze if, and how, the opening of currently protected agricultural markets, through trade liberalization, could lead to an increase in agricultural production in Brazil and possible economic and environmental impacts with respect to a resulting increase in deforestation. The methodology is based on: (i) an empirical analysis of the impact of the partial opening of some international markets or, more generally speaking, of the increasing insertion of some agricultural chains in international trade; (ii) the building of an Applied Interregional General Equilibrium Model and of its database, including a detailed representation of the agricultural sector; (iii) the formulation of future policy scenarios and the analysis of their impacts on the Brazilian economy, agricultural production, and Amazon deforestation. (AU)