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Plato and Aristotle in Antiquity

Processo: 11/50576-0
Modalidade de apoio:Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Vigência: 01 de julho de 2011 - 30 de junho de 2013
Área do conhecimento:Ciências Humanas - Filosofia - História da Filosofia
Convênio/Acordo: King's College London
Pesquisador responsável:Marco Antônio de Ávila Zingano
Beneficiário:Marco Antônio de Ávila Zingano
Pesq. responsável no exterior: M. M. McCabe
Instituição no exterior: King's College London, Inglaterra
Instituição Sede: Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brasil
Vinculado ao auxílio:09/16877-3 - Filosofia grega clássica: Platão, Aristóteles e sua influência na Antiguidade, AP.TEM
Assunto(s):Filosofia antiga  Filosofia grega  Aristotelismo  Platonismo  Neoplatonismo 
Palavra(s)-Chave do Pesquisador:Aristotelismo | Comentadores Gregos Antigos | Metafisica Antiga | Neoplatonismo | Peripatetismo | Platonismo


Plato and Aristotle are the most famous philosophers of Antiquity. Both philosophers agree on some central tenets about the nature of knowledge, the structure of the world, and action theory; in a word, both hold eminently realistic views resulting in strongly rationalistic approaches. Nevertheless, as it is well known, Aristotle was also a sharp critic of Plato's philosophy. For this reason the Lyceum, the school of Aristotle, saw itself in clear opposition to Platonism despite the fact that it adopted many aspects of the fundamentally rationalistic realism that was characteristic of Plato's Academy. Both philosophers also had a lasting and decisive influence on the philosophy of subsequent centuries and most of our extant Ancient commentators present themselves as followers of either Aristotelianism or Neoplatonism, until at some point an eclectic harmonization of these two philosophers took hold. The main aim of our research project is to scrutinize the central theses of both philosophers under two particular aspects which are metaphysics and ethics. In addition it will facilitate a better understanding of the way these aspects have been perceived and passed on in Antiquity, either by holding up the central tenets that delineate the boundaries of the Ancient World (as for instance Alexander of Aphrodisias in his reading of Aristotle), or through reassessment (as with Plotinus, who thinks of his philosophy as fundamentally Plato's), or outright rejection (as is the case, for instance, in Philoponus). These aspects of USP's FAPESP project provide strong links with the ongoing Ancient Commentators project at King's College London. (AU)

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