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Impact of climate extremes on ecosystems and human health in Brazil: PULSE-Brazil

Processo: 11/51843-2
Linha de fomento:Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Vigência: 01 de abril de 2012 - 31 de março de 2016
Área do conhecimento:Ciências Exatas e da Terra - Geociências
Convênio/Acordo: NERC, UKRI
Pesquisador responsável:Jose Antonio Marengo Orsini
Beneficiário:Jose Antonio Marengo Orsini
Pesq. responsável no exterior: Peter Michael Cox
Instituição no exterior: University of Exeter, Exeter, Inglaterra
Instituição-sede: Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE). Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia, Inovações e Comunicações (Brasil). São José dos Campos , SP, Brasil
Assunto(s):Mudança climática  Ecossistemas  Amazônia 
Publicação FAPESP:http://media.fapesp.br/bv/uploads/pdfs/International...RCUK_1_6_7.pdf

Resumo

The general aim of this NERC-FAPESP joint proposal is to create the PULSE-Brazil system (where "PULSE= Platform for Understanding Long-term Sustainability of Ecosystems") for analyzing, visualizing and understanding the interactions between climate, ecosystems and human health in Amazonia. Our mission, in developing this system, is to facilitate the analysis and interpretation of complex data, by academics, the general public and policymakers. PULSE-Brazil will enable these stakeholders to explore the consequences of different policy options for adaptation and mitigation of environmental change in the Brazilian Amazon. Specifically, the objectives of PULSE-Brazil are to: 1. support collaboration between UK Universities, the Met Office, FIOCRUZ - Brazil, the University of Minas Gerais - Brazil, the National Institute for Space Research (INPE) - Brazil, Brazilian State Governments and the wider international community on topics related to the impact of climate extremes on ecosystem and human health and potential mitigation and adaptation strategies; 2. develop and evaluate a spatially explicit database of recent climate extremes and their impacts on ecosystems and human health to establish the relationships between climatic variables and environmental and human health data; 3. provide future climate change projections for Amazonia using state-of-the-art regional (Eta) and global climate models (MBSCG and UK Met Office-Hadley Centre models), covering a range of emission and land-use scenarios (through an associated Brazilian-funded project); 4. develop a user-friendly GIS-based tool capable of integrating information of recent extremes and their impacts on ecosystems and human health (02) with relevant physical climate variables and metrics from future climate projections (03), supporting stakeholders (i.e. the public in general, government officers and decision makers) and educators to develop their own understanding of the interactions between climate, ecosystems and human health in Amazonia, and ultimately, explore the consequences of different policy options. (AU)

Matéria(s) publicada(s) na Agência FAPESP sobre o auxílio:
Projeções sugerem que estiagem no Nordeste poderá ser mais severa 
Ferramenta permite análise integrada de dados sobre clima, ambiente e saúde 

Publicações científicas (6)
(Referências obtidas automaticamente do Web of Science e do SciELO, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores)
FONSECA, MARISA G.; ANDERSON, LIANA O.; ARAI, EGIDIO; SHIMABUKURO, YOSIO E.; XAUD, HARON A. M.; XAUD, MARISTELA R.; MADANI, NIMA; WAGNER, FABIEN H.; ARAGAO, LUIZ E. O. C. Climatic and anthropogenic drivers of northern Amazon fires during the 2015-2016 El Nino event. Ecological Applications, v. 27, n. 8, p. 2514-2527, DEC 2017. Citações Web of Science: 1.
DE ALBUQUERQUE CAVALCANTI, IRACEMA FONSECA; MARENGO, JOSE A.; ALVES, LINCOLN MUNIZ; COSTA, DUARTE FILIPE. On the opposite relation between extreme precipitation over west Amazon and southeastern Brazil: observations and model simulations. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY, v. 37, n. 9, p. 3606-3618, JUL 2017. Citações Web of Science: 7.
MARENGO, J. A.; ESPINOZA, J. C. Extreme seasonal droughts and floods in Amazonia: causes, trends and impacts. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY, v. 36, n. 3, p. 1033-1050, MAR 15 2016. Citações Web of Science: 107.
FONSECA, MARISA G.; ARAGAO, LUIZ EDUARDO O. C.; LIMA, ANDRE; SHIMABUKURO, YOSIO E.; ARAI, EGIDIO; ANDERSON, LIANA O. Modelling fire probability in the Brazilian Amazon using the maximum entropy method. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF WILDLAND FIRE, v. 25, n. 9, p. 955-969, 2016. Citações Web of Science: 2.
MARENGO, JOSE A.; BERNASCONI, MAURO. Regional differences in aridity/drought conditions over Northeast Brazil: present state and future projections. Climatic Change, v. 129, n. 1-2, p. 103-115, MAR 2015. Citações Web of Science: 30.
OBREGON, GUILLERMO O.; MARENGO, JOSE A.; NOBRE, CARLOS A. Rainfall and climate variability: long-term trends in the Metropolitan Area of Sao Paulo in the 20th century. CLIMATE RESEARCH, v. 61, n. 2, p. 93-107, SEP 2014. Citações Web of Science: 5.

Por favor, reporte erros na lista de publicações científicas escrevendo para: cdi@fapesp.br.
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