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Biocompatible lasers from natural materials

Processo: 15/50382-2
Linha de fomento:Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Vigência: 01 de março de 2016 - 31 de agosto de 2017
Área do conhecimento:Ciências Exatas e da Terra - Química - Química Inorgânica
Convênio/Acordo: MIT
Pesquisador responsável:Sidney José Lima Ribeiro
Beneficiário:Sidney José Lima Ribeiro
Pesq. responsável no exterior: Bradley Olsen
Instituição no exterior: Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Estados Unidos
Instituição-sede: Instituto de Química (IQ). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Araraquara. Araraquara, SP, Brasil
Vinculado ao auxílio:13/23214-6 - Propriedades ópticas de suspensões coloidais e filmes à base de polímeros naturais e lantanídeos, AP.R


Random lasers (RL) based on biopolymers (BP) and fluorescent proteins (FP) will be treated. RL are different from traditional lasers in the sense that the feedback amplification is provided by disorder-induced scattering. The absence of mirrors / and the multidirectional emission observed from samples in any form/size lead to a broad range of applications for RL materials. One of them considers Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT). OCT is analogous to ultrasound imaging, except that it uses light instead of sound. OCT can provide cross-sectional images of tissue structure on the micron scale in situ and in real time. Advances in this technique are enabled by small, implantable laser light sources and a non-invasive imaging test. In this way, one of the aims of this project will be to develop new biolasers based on BP such as FP fusion block copolymers, bacterial cellulose (BC) and/or silk fibroin (SF) that could eventually find applications in OCT. The use of solid-state FPs can increase fluorescence signal levels in a laser while using a biocompatible material. Furthermore, nanostructured biopolymers as BC or SF, obtained from renewable sources, will be used as matrices for manufaduring biolasers, providing fully renewable and biocompatible source materials. Nanostructure form and alignment of FP fusion block copolymers onto BP matrices will be also investigated to improve laser performance. Therefore, this collaboration will allow exchange of experience between great research groups, Olsen Lab (MIT, USA) and Photonic Materials Lab (UNESP. Brazil), whose collaboration is fundamentally important for developing new biophotonic devices applying green chemistry. (AU)