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Diálogos entre Volochínov e Humboldt na filosofia da linguagem: a participação do idealismo na síntese marxista

Processo: 19/03809-1
Linha de fomento:Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Mestrado
Vigência (Início): 15 de maio de 2019
Vigência (Término): 14 de novembro de 2019
Área do conhecimento:Linguística, Letras e Artes - Linguística - Filosofia da Linguagem
Pesquisador responsável:Sheila Vieira de Camargo Grillo
Beneficiário:Taciane Domingues Ferreira
Supervisor no Exterior: Denis Thouard
Instituição-sede: Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brasil
Local de pesquisa : Centre Marc Bloch, Alemanha  
Vinculado à bolsa:17/25085-0 - Diálogos entre Volóchinov e Humboldt na filosofia da linguagem: a participação do idealismo na síntese marxista, BP.MS
Assunto(s):Dialogismo   Dialética   Idealismo


The purpose of this study is to investigate the share of influence of the German Idealistic school, represented by Wilhelm von Humboldt, in Valentin Voloshinov's Marxism and the Philosophy of Language. The Russian author launched the basis of a Marxist philosophy of language discussing: i) topics that should concern the studies of language, considered as a fundamental part of the study of ideologies and ii) that the Marxist philosophy of language represents a dialectic synthesis between two well known schools of their time: the Geneva School, claimed as the antithesis, and the German Idealism/Romanticism, claimed as the thesis. This project is to analyze the relations between language and thought in Humboldt and to compare them to Voloshinov's aforementioned work, aiming to find traces of influence of the first into the last. The project can be divided in three main sectors: i) detecting the dialogism in Humboldt's writings ii) measuring the importance of the otherness in Humboldt's Idealistic conception of Language and iii) comparing the results according to Voloshinov. So far, the results are related to the inversion, made by the Marxists, of the Idealistic dialectic at its starting point: for the German Idealism, the consciousness (the Geist or spirit) prints its laws onto the world; for the Marxists, on the other hand, the world gets into the consciousness throughout the ideological sign, a material fragment of the social interaction, for the consciousness needs semiotic material to operate. This inversion had also consequences on Stylistics studies made by the Bakhtin Circle and the Idealistische Neuphilologie School (from Humboldt's follower Karl Vossler). Both results were discussed in two papers published in 2017 and 2018 in Brazil, respectively. Now the aim is to investigate the role of the otherness in the formation of the Spirit according to Humboldt, in other words: a) if dialogism is on the very basis of Humboldt's thoughts towards Language and b) if, for Humboldt, the otherness is also on the basis of the Spirit (the mind or individual consciousness).