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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Disability in instrumental activities of daily living among older adults: gender differences

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Autor(es):
Alexandre, Tiago da Silva [1] ; Corona, Ligiana Pires [2] ; Nunes, Daniella Pires [3] ; Ferreira Santos, Jair Licio [4] ; de Oliveira Duarte, Yeda Aparecida [5] ; Lebrao, Maria Lucia [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Gerontol, BR-13560 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Saude Publ, Dept Epidemiol, Programa Posgrad Saude Publ, BR-01255 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Programa Posgrad Enfermagem, Dept Enfermagem, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Social Med, Fac Med Ribeirao Preto, BR-14049 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Enfermagem, Dept Enfermagem Med Cirurg, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Revista de Saúde Pública; v. 48, n. 3, p. 378-389, JUN 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 15
Resumo

OBJECTIVE: To analyze gender differences in the incidence and determinants of disability regarding instrumental activities of daily living among older adults. METHODS: The data were extracted from the Sa de, Bem-Estar e Envelhecimento (SABE - Health, Wellbeing and Ageing) study. In 2000, 1,034 older adults without difficulty in regarding instrumental activities of daily living were selected. The following characteristics were evaluated at the baseline: sociodemographic and behavioral variables, health status, falls, fractures, hospitalizations, depressive symptoms, cognition, strength, mobility, balance and perception of vision and hearing. Instrumental activities of daily living such as shopping and managing own money and medication, using transportation and using the telephone were reassessed in 2006, with incident cases of disability considered as the outcome. RESULTS: The incidence density of disability in instrumental activities of daily living was 44.7/1,000 person/years for women and 25.2/1,000 person/years for men. The incidence rate ratio between women and men was 1.77 (95% CI 1.75; 1.80). After controlling for socioeconomic status and clinical conditions, the incidence rate ratio was 1.81 (95% CI 1.77; 1.84), demonstrating that women with chronic disease and greater social vulnerability have a greater incidence density of disability in instrumental activities of daily living. The following were determinants of the incidence of disability: age >= 80 and worse perception of hearing in both genders; stroke in men; and being aged 70 to 79 in women. Better cognitive performance was a protective factor in both genders and better balance was a protective factor in women. CONCLUSIONS: The higher incidence density of disability in older women remained even after controlling for adverse social and clinical conditions. In addition to age, poorer cognitive performance and conditions that adversely affect communication disable both genders. Acute events, such as a stroke, disables elderly men more, whereas early deficits regarding balance disable women more. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 05/54947-2 - Estudo SABE - 2005: saúde, bem-estar e envelhecimento: estudo longitudinal sobre as condições de vida e saúde dos idosos no município de São Paulo
Beneficiário:Ruy Laurenti
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático