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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Diversity, natural history, and geographic distribution of snakes in the Caatinga, Northeastern Brazil

Autor(es):
Guedes, Thais B. [1] ; Nogueira, Cristiano [2] ; Marques, Otavio A. V. [3]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, Programa Posgrad Biol Anim, Inst Biociencias Letras & Ciencias Exatas, BR-15054000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Museu Zool, Lab Herpetol, BR-04263000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Inst Butantan, Lab Ecol & Evolucao, BR-05503900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Zootaxa; v. 3863, n. 1, p. 1-93, SEP 19 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 18
Resumo

The present study is a synthesis on snake diversity and distribution in the Caatinga region of northeastern Brazil, providing an updated species list and data on natural history and geographic distribution. Our study is based on the careful revision of 7,102 voucher specimens, housed in 17 herpetological collections, complemented by data on taxonomic literature. We recorded a total of 112 snake species in the Caatinga, belonging to nine families: Anomalepididae, Leptotyphlopidae, Typhlopidae, Aniliidae, Boidae, Viperidae, Elapidae, Colubridae, and Dipsadidae. Our list includes at least 13 never recorded species for this region, as well as distribution records for all species known from the Caatinga (including expansion and new records of distribution). The snake assemblage of the Caatinga is complex, sharing species with other continental open areas (38.4%), forested areas (27.7%), and both open and forested areas (32.1%). The richest areas were isolated plateaus, followed by contact areas, semi-arid caatinga, and sandy dunes of the Sao Franscisco River. We identified 22 Caatinga endemic species with the sandy dunes of Sao Franscico River showing the highest endemism level (12 species, with six endemic species restricted to the area) followed by semi-arid caatinga, and isolated plateaus (eight endemic species each, and six and three endemic species with restricted distribution to each area, respectively). Most species show relatively restricted ranges in parts of the Caatinga. The snake assemblage in Caatinga includes mainly terrestrial species (38.4%), followed by fossorial/cryptozoic (26.8%), arboreal/semi-arboreal (26.8%), and aquatic/semi-aquatic (7.1%) species. Vertebrates are the most important dietary item (80.4%), with 56.6% of species being generalist consumers of this kind of prey; 24.4% are frog-eaters, 7.8% prey on caecilians/amphisbaenians, 6.7% lizard-eaters, 3.3% mammal-eaters, and 1.1% are fish-eaters. Only 18.7% of the snakes eat invertebrate prey, as arthropods, annelids, and mollusks. In relation to time of activity, 35.7% of snakes are both diurnal and nocturnal, 33.0% are strictly nocturnal, and 30.4% are diurnal. The data provided herein increase the list of Caatinga snake species from 50 to 112, and includes detailed maps and information on geographic distribution. The Caatinga snake assemblage shows high richness and endemism levels, and our results highlight the usefulness of basic natural history data and revision of voucher specimens as baseline information for biogeographic studies and conservation strategies. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/19858-2 - Biogeografia e conservação das serpentes brasileiras
Beneficiário:Cristiano de Campos Nogueira
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/04170-8 - Biogeografia histórica das serpentes da diagonal de formações abertas da América do Sul
Beneficiário:Thaís Barreto Guedes da Costa
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 11/50206-9 - Origem e evolução das serpentes e a sua diversificação na região neotropical: uma abordagem multidisciplinar
Beneficiário:Hussam El Dine Zaher
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 09/50627-4 - Diversidade e padrões de distribuição da fauna de serpentes das Caatingas
Beneficiário:Thaís Barreto Guedes da Costa
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado