Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Natural History of Bothrops itapetiningae Boulenger, 1907 (Serpentes: Viperidae: Crotalinae), an Endemic Species of the Brazilian Cerrado

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Muniz Leao, Suelem [1, 2] ; Pelegrin, Nicolas [3, 4] ; de Campos Nogueira, Cristiano [5] ; Brandao, Reuber Albuquerque [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Brasilia, Dept Engn Florestal, Lab Fauna, BR-70910900 Brasilia, DF - Brazil
[2] Univ Brasilia, Dept Engn Florestal, Unidades Conservacao, BR-70910900 Brasilia, DF - Brazil
[3] Univ Nacl Cordoba, Fac Ciencias Exactas Fis & Nat, CONICET, Inst Div & Ecol Anim, Cordoba - Argentina
[4] Univ Nacl Cordoba, Fac Ciencias Exactas Fis & Nat, Ctr Zool Aplicada, Cordoba - Argentina
[5] MZUSP, Lab Herpetol, BR-04263000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Herpetology; v. 48, n. 3, p. 324-331, SEP 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

We present data on habitat use, activity, sexual dimorphism, reproduction, and diet of Bothrops itapetiningae, a species endemic to the Brazilian Cerrado. Habitat use was studied through active search techniques in several areas from July 1997 to July 2000. Diet, reproduction, activity, and sexual dimorphism were studied through the analysis of specimens deposited in Brazilian museums. Annual activity was inferred from collection records grouped by month and season. The specimens were sexed by direct observation of gonads and sexual dimorphism was assessed using morphological data. The reproductive cycle of the species was studied by analyzing the number of vitellogenic and nonvitellogenic follicles, ova, and embryos by month. The diet was determined by analyzing stomach and digestive tract contents. The species is a habitat specialist, associated with open cerrado grasslands, and is active more frequently during the rainy season (October to March). Males have longer tails whereas females have longer heads. The reproductive cycle is seasonal and probably biennial, with births (5.8 +/- 2.9 embryos) occurring during the rainy season. Diet is of a generalist, but mammals are important items for both sexes and all age classes. Bothrops itapetiningae is among the smaller Brazilian pit vipers. Its low fecundity, high habitat specialization, and sensitivity to human disturbances, along with the high level of threat to its natural grassland habitat in the Brazilian Cerrado, makes this a potentially threatened snake. Knowledge of its biology is fundamental to conserving and managing this species. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/19858-2 - Biogeografia e conservação das serpentes brasileiras
Beneficiário:Cristiano de Campos Nogueira
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado