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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Side-Effects of Thiamethoxam on the Brain and Midgut of the Africanized Honeybee Apis mellifera (Hymenopptera: Apidae)

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Autor(es):
Oliveira, Regiane Alves [1] ; Roat, Thaisa Cristina [1] ; Carvalho, Stephan Malfitano [1] ; Malaspina, Osmar [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Ctr Estudos Insetos Sociais, Dept Biol, Inst Biociencias Rio Claro, BR-13500900 Bela Vista, Rio Claro Sao P - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY; v. 29, n. 10, p. 1122-1133, OCT 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 38
Resumo

The development of agricultural activities coincides with the increased use of pesticides to control pests, which can also be harmful to nontarget insects such as bees. Thus, the goal of this work was assess the toxic effects of thiamethoxam on newly emerged worker bees of Apis mellifera (africanized honeybee-AHB). Initially, we determined that the lethal concentration 50 (LC50) of thiamethoxam was 4.28 ng a.i./mu L of diet. To determine the lethal time 50 (LT50), a survival assay was conducted using diets containing sublethal doses of thiamethoxam equal to 1/10 and 1/100 of the LC50. The group of bees exposed to 1/10 of the LC50 had a 41.2% reduction of lifespan. When AHB samples were analyzed by morphological technique we found the presence of condensed cells in the mushroom bodies and optical lobes in exposed honeybees. Through Xylidine Ponceau technique, we found cells which stained more intensely in groups exposed to thiamethoxam. The digestive and regenerative cells of the midgut from exposed bees also showed morphological and histochemical alterations, like cytoplasm vacuolization, increased apocrine secretion and increased cell elimination. Thus, intoxication with a sublethal doses of thiamethoxam can cause impairment in the brain and midgut of AHB and contribute to the honeybee lifespan reduction. (C) 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/15628-7 - Análise morfológica e histoquímica do VENTRÍULO e do cérebro de operárias recém-emergidas de Apis mellifera l. (Hymenoptera, Apidae) tratadas com thiamethoxam
Beneficiário:Regiane Alves de Oliveira
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica