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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Influence of the bed geometry on the kinetics of the extraction of clove bud oil with supercritical CO2

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Zabot, Giovani L. [1] ; Moraes, Moyses N. [1] ; Petenate, Ademir J. [2] ; Meireles, M. Angela A. [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Sch Food Engn, LASEFI DEA FEA, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] EDTI Proc Improvement, BR-13085170 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF SUPERCRITICAL FLUIDS; v. 93, n. SI, p. 56-66, SEP 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 30
Resumo

There is a need for scientific research that evaluates the influence of important process variables on the scale up of supercritical technology. For supercritical fluid extraction (SFE), one of these variables is the extractor's bed geometry, which can be defined by the ratio of the bed height (HB) to the bed diameter (DB). A systematic study is needed to select suitable criteria that can be used to obtain similar extraction curves among beds with different geometries. In this study, maintaining a constant ratio of solvent mass to feed mass for two beds with 1-L volumes but different geometries (E-1: HB/DB = 7.1; E-2: H-B/D-B = 2.7) was confirmed as a successful scale up criterion. For constant values of the temperature, pressure and bed porosity, there is experimental evidence that the mass transfer rate is equal in the two beds when the solvent flow rate is high. When 0.6 kg of clove buds was packed in the beds, the extraction rates were 2.10 +/- 0.08 and 2.3 +/- 0.1 g extract/min for beds E-1 and E-2, respectively. However, when the solvent flow rate was lower, the extraction rates were 0.93 +/- 0.06 and 1.12 +/- 0.02 g extract/min for beds E-1 and E-2, respectively. This difference in behavior between the extraction beds is associated with the axial dispersion of the fluid, which is more pronounced when the H-B/D-B ratio is increased. Thin particles tend to compact in the beds with high HB/DB ratios, which shorten the solvent passage. Non-isothermal profiles and differences in chemical composition of the extracts were also observed: 17% more alpha-humulene and 9% more eugenol were extracted in E-1 and E-2, respectively. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/23665-2 - Obtenção de compostos bioativos de cravo-da-índia e alecrim utilizando tecnologia supercrítica: influência da geometria do leito, intensificação de processos de extração e custo de manufatura dos extratos
Beneficiário:Giovani Leone Zabot
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado Direto
Processo FAPESP: 09/17234-9 - Obtenção de antocianinas, carotenóides, flavonóides, óleos voláteis e tocotrienóis por tecnologia supercrítica: parâmetros de processo e caracterização química
Beneficiário:Maria Angela de Almeida Meireles Petenate
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular