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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Investigation of the causes of historical changes in the subsurface salinity minimum of the South Atlantic

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Autor(es):
Goes, Marlos [1] ; Wainer, Ilana [2] ; Signorelli, Natalia [2]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Miami, NOAA, AOML, CIMAS, Miami, FL - USA
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Oceanog, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS; v. 119, n. 9, p. 5654-5675, SEP 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 5
Resumo

In this study, we investigate the subsurface salinity changes on decadal timescales across the subtropical South Atlantic Ocean using two ocean reanalysis products, the latest version of the Simple Ocean Data Assimilation and the Estimating the Circulation and Climate of the Ocean, Phase II, as well as using additional climate model experiments. Results show that there is a recent significant salinity increase at the core of the salinity minimum at intermediate levels. The main underlying mechanism for this subsurface salinity increase is the lateral advective (gyre) changes due to the Southern Annular Mode variability, which conditions an increased contribution from the Indian Ocean high salinity waters into the Atlantic. The global warming signal has a secondary but complementary contribution. Latitudinal differences at intermediate depth in response to large-scale forcing are in part caused by local variation of westward propagation features, and by compensating contributions of salinity and temperature to density changes. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/02111-4 - Investigação da evolução do oceano profundo na região do Atlântico Sul para o último milênio: impactos para a mudança do clima
Beneficiário:Ilana Elazari Klein Coaracy Wainer
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Pesquisa