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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Coastal upwelling off Cape Sao Tome (22 degrees S, Brazil): The supporting role of deep ocean processes

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Paloczy, A. [1] ; da Silveira, I. C. A. [1] ; Castro, B. M. [1] ; Calado, L. [2]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Oceanog, Dept Oceanog Fis Quim & Geol, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] IEAPM, BR-28930000 Arraial do Cabo, RJ - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: CONTINENTAL SHELF RESEARCH; v. 89, n. SI, p. 38-50, OCT 15 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 16
Resumo

The regional ocean off Cape Sao Tome (CST, 22 degrees S, Brazil) is known to feature transient coastal upwelling and intense mesoscale activity associated with the Brazil Current (BC). Satellite and in situ observations are used to characterize the coastal upwelling and the oceanic pycnocline water intrusions onto the continental shelf. Coastal upwelling events around CST are found to be less intense than the ones around Cape Frio (23 degrees S), confirming previously reported findings. It is shown that the quasi-standing growth of a BC cyclonic meander is an effective supporting mechanism to this primarily wind-driven coastal upwelling system. A typical propagating cyclonic meander event is described and compared with its quasi-standing counterpart. The propagating cyclones also appear to promote oceanic pycnocline water intrusions, but at a lesser extent than the quasi-standing features. The supporting effect of the BC cyclones was quantified via simplified numerical experiments carried out with a 2D, primitive-equation numerical model. It is shown that meanders enhance intrusions as they grow, and may decrease by approximate to 50% the momentum input needed from the wind to cause coastal upwelling. Also, the role of the sloping of the isolines linked to the mean baroclinic structure of the Brazil Current is examined in idealized numerical experiments. This structure is shown to be sufficient to explain the observed time scales of coastal upwelling. The kind of meander-driven intrusion investigated here appears to be a regional singularity of the CST region, and may provide insight into the cross-shelf dynamics of other Western Boundary Current regions where similar quasi-standing instabilities exist. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/04859-3 - Os processos de ressurgência e de subsidência costeiras ao largo de Cabo Frio, RJ (23S)
Beneficiário:André Palóczy Filho
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica