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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Biomagnification of mercury through the food web of the Santos continental shelf, subtropical Brazil

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Autor(es):
Muto, Elizabeti Y. [1] ; Soares, Lucy S. H. [1] ; Sarkis, Jorge E. S. [2] ; Hortellani, Marcos A. [2] ; Petti, Monica A. V. [1] ; Corbisier, Thais N. [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Oceanog Inst, BR-05508120 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Nucl & Energy Res Inst IPEN, BR-05508000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Marine Ecology Progress Series; v. 512, p. 55-69, OCT 9 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 6
Resumo

This study was conducted on the continental shelf surrounding a large metropolitan region on the coast of Sao Paulo State, Southeast Brazil. This region harbours a large industrial plant and the largest port in Latin America, both of which release pollutants into the Santos-Sao Vicente estuarine system. High levels of Hg have been reported in sediments and fish from the estuaries and Santos Bay; however, data for the biota in offshore waters are scarce, and the biomagnification of Hg across the food web here has never been assessed. In this study, the trophic structure of the Santos shelf was addressed through the carbon and nitrogen stable isotope compositions of different species across a trophic gradient. We determined the total Hg levels (THg, dry weight) of invertebrates and fish to estimate the rate of biomagnification of this metal in the benthic and pelagic food webs. The lowest mean THg levels were found in zooplankton (0.006 mu g g(-1)) and surface-depositivore polychaetes (0.011 mu g g(-1)); the highest THg levels were found in the largest fishes: Patagonian flounder (0.825 mu g g(-1)), fat snook (0.714 mu g g(-1)), and lesser guitarfish (0.639 mu g g(-1)). Overall, the Hg concentration in fish was below the recommended limit for human consumption. The THg and delta N-15 were positively correlated in both food webs; however, the rate of biomagnification was higher and the basal Hg was lower in the pelagic food web. These differences may be related to the differing bioavailability of mercury in water and sediment, the higher diversity of prey and more complex feeding interactions in the benthic food web, and metabolic differences among different taxa. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 03/09932-1 - A influência do complexo estuarino da Baixada Santista sobre o ecossistema da plataforma adjacente (ECOSAN)
Beneficiário:Ana Maria Setubal Pires-Vanin
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa PRONEX - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 06/56974-0 - Estrutura e dinâmica trófica da ictiofauna demersal na Baía de Santos e plataforma adjacente (SP)
Beneficiário:Elizabeti Yuriko Muto
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado