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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

TRACING THERMOHALINE PROPERTIES AND PRODUCTIVITY OF SHELF-WATER MASSES USING THE STABLE ISOTOPIC COMPOSITION OF BENTHIC FORAMTNIFERA

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Eichler, Patricia P. B. [1] ; Billups, Katharina [2] ; Vital, Helenice [1] ; de Moraes, Joyce Alves [3]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Rio Grande do Norte, CCET, Lab Geol & Geofis Marinha & Monitoramento Ambient, Programa Posgrad Geofis & Geodinam PPGG, BR-59072970 Natal, RN - Brazil
[2] Univ Delaware, Sch Marine Sci & Policy, Lewes, DE 19958 - USA
[3] Univ Fed Rio Grande do Norte, CCSA, PPGA, BR-59072970 Natal, RN - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF FORAMINIFERAL RESEARCH; v. 44, n. 4, p. 352-364, OCT 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

We explored the applicability of stable isotopic ratios of nine foraminiferal species, four epifaunal (Pseudononion atlanticum, Cibieides fletcheri, Hoeglundina elegans, Hanzawaia boueana) and five infaunal (Angulogerina angulosa, Uvigerina peregrina, Buccella peruviana, Cassidulina subglobosa, Bulimina marginata), as environmental tracers on the southwest Atlantic continental shelf from samples collected along the Argentinean-Uruguayan-Brazilian Atlantic coast during austral winter 2003 and summer 2004. Linear regressions show that the stable isotopic composition of living foraminifera is associated with geographical and environmental variables (latitude, water depth, temperature, salinity, and dissolved silica). Multiple linear regressions show that the relevant variables in this study are latitude, salinity, and biogenic silica. There is a general trend of higher delta O-18 and lower delta C-13 values with increasing latitude, reflecting the influence of cooler water masses toward the south. Specifically, the delta O-18 data from U. peregrina, H. elegans, and P. atlanticum follow meridional temperature gradients with lower PO values in relatively warm Subtropical Shelf Water at the northernmost sites (27 degrees S) and higher values in colder Sub-Antarctic Shelf Water at the southern sites (to 37 degrees S). Angulogerina angulosa and P. atlanticum delta O-18 values correlate more strongly with salinity than temperature. Positive correlation of delta C-13 and water depth observed for some infaunal species indicates greater input of organic matter to the deeper-water benthos. In summer samples, however, this correlation between delta C-13 and water depth weakens, reflecting a less stratified water mass associated with upwelling. Results from this study support the application of these foraminifera to reconstructions of paleoenvironmental changes from sediment cores. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 04/01950-3 - Levantamento oceanográfico em larga escala na plataforma continental sudeste da América do Sul (Laplata)
Beneficiário:Edmo José Dias Campos
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular