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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Hidden costs of a typical embodied energy analysis: Brazilian sugarcane ethanol as a case study

Texto completo
Agostinho, Feni [1] ; Siche, Raul [2]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Paulista UNIP, Programa Posgrad Engn Prod, BR-04026002 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Nacl Trujillo, Fac Ciencias Agr, Trujillo - Peru
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: BIOMASS & BIOENERGY; v. 71, p. 69-83, DEC 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 7

Worldwide human production systems are tightly coupled to fossil-based energy, the source of which will not be available at low cost in the foreseeable future. Alternative energy sources are being sought for, among which those derived from biomass are considered to have great potential. Brazilian ethanol sugarcane produced at a large scale is being classified in scientific papers and politics as a renewable energy source. However, only the energy return on investment (EROI) and/or the amount of CO2 released to atmosphere have been considered as indicators of renewability. This work aims to discuss some theoretical points, within an embodied energy analysis, that make its use inappropriate for answering all issues related to the concept of renewability. Emergy accounting (with an ``m{''}) is used as a comparative tool and the Brazilian sugarcane ethanol is evaluated as case study. An EROI of 6.7 for ethanol was obtained, showing that for each unit of ``commercial energy{''} invested within the process, 6.7 units of another kind of energy is obtained e this index shows an excellent value for energy efficiency, but it does not reflect the renewability of ethanol. On the other hand, emergy accounting shows a renewability index of 19%, indicating a low rating for sugarcane ethanol. All scientific methodologies available to assess potential energy sources have their pros and cons, but the analyst must be aware that each methodology supplies different indicators with different meanings. Energy analysts should use methodologies appropriately, avoiding wider conclusions not actually represented by indices calculated. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 09/51705-9 - Potencial de expansão de microdestilarias no estado de São Paulo: produção de alimentos, energia e serviços ambientais através da abordagem "emissões zero"
Beneficiário:Feni Dalano Roosevelt Agostinho
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado