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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Classification of Vegetation over a Residual Megafan Landform in the Amazonian Lowland Based on Optical and SAR Imagery

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Autor(es):
Cremon, Edipo Henrique [1] ; Rossetti, Dilce de Fatima [1] ; Zani, Hiran [1]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Natl Inst Space Res INPE, Remote Sensing Div DSR, BR-12227010 Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: REMOTE SENSING; v. 6, n. 11, p. 10931-10946, NOV 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 6
Resumo

The origin of large areas dominated by pristine open vegetation that is in sharp contrast with surrounding dense forest within the Amazonian lowland has generally been related to past arid climates, but this is still an issue open for debate. In this paper, we characterize a large open vegetation patch over a residual megafan located in the northern Amazonia. The main goal was to investigate the relationship between this paleolandform and vegetation classes mapped based on the integration of optical and SAR data using the decision tree. Our remote sensing dataset includes PALSAR and TM/Landsat images. Five classes were identified: rainforest; flooded forest; wooded open vegetation; grassy-shrubby open vegetation; and water body. The output map resulting from the integration of PALSAR and TM/Landsat images showed an overall accuracy of 94%. Narrow, elongated and sinuous belts of forest within the open vegetation areas progressively bifurcate into others revealing paleochannels arranged into distributary pattern. Such characteristics, integrated with pre-existing geological information, led us to propose that the distribution of vegetation classes highlight a morphology attributed to a Quaternary megafan developed previous to the modern fluvial tributary system. The characterization of such megafan is important for reconstructing landscape changes associated with the evolution of the Amazon drainage basin. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/50475-5 - Mapping Amazonian biodiversity at multiple scales by integrating geology and ecology
Beneficiário:Dilce de Fátima Rossetti
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 10/09484-2 - Megaleques quaternários no estado de Roraima, norte da Amazônia: implicações sedimentológicas, climáticas e tectônicas
Beneficiário:Dilce de Fátima Rossetti
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular