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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Optimization of copper electrowinning from synthetic copper sulfate solution using a pulsed bed electrode

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Britto-Costa, Pedro H. [1] ; Ruotolo, Luis A. M. [1]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Chem Engn, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: HYDROMETALLURGY; v. 150, p. 52-60, DEC 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

This paper concludes a series of investigations concerning the use of pulsed bed electrodes (PBEs) for copper electrowinning. In previous papers, the main operational parameters affecting the current efficiency (CE), space-time yield (Y), and energy consumption (EC) were identified and their effects on the performance of the process were analyzed. In light of the results, the fluidized bed time was set at 2 s and it was found that the electrode thickness should be reduced in order to achieve values of CE and EC lower than those obtained in conventional industrial processes using flat plate electrodes. In this work, the electrode thickness was reduced from 3.4 to 2.4 cm and the process was optimized using factorial experimental design and the Derringer desirability method to obtain current density (i), add concentration (C-ac), and pulsed bed time (t(p)) values that maximized CE and Y and minimized EC. The best C-ac value was 100 mg L-1 (a low level), while the optimum i and t(p) values were 2600 A m(-2) and 60 s, respectively (high levels). Use of these values avoided short circuit and minimized copper dissolution during fluidization. The overpotential distribution within the porous cathode was improved using the 2.4 cm electrode, and values of 100% (CE), 102 kg m(-3) h(-1) (Y), and 1.7 kWh kg(-1) (EC) were achieved under the optimized conditions. These values are better than those found for flat plate electrodes. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/04168-0 - Degradação eletroquímica de compostos orgânicos poluentes utilizando eletrodo tridimensional de CVR/PbO2
Beneficiário:Luis Augusto Martins Ruotolo
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular