Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Racial Disparities in Life Expectancy in Brazil: Challenges From a Multiracial Society

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Porto Chiavegatto Filho, Alexandre Dias [1, 2] ; Beltran-Sanchez, Hiram [3] ; Kawachi, Ichiro [4]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol, BR-01246904 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Harvard Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Soc Human Dev & Hlth, Boston, MA 02115 - USA
[3] Harvard Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Ctr Populat & Dev Studies, Boston, MA 02115 - USA
[4] Harvard Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Social & Behav Sci, Boston, MA 02115 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: American Journal of Public Health; v. 104, n. 11, p. 2156-2162, NOV 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 12
Resumo

Objectives. We calculated life expectancy at birth for Whites, Blacks, and mixed races in Brazil, and decomposed the differences by causes of death. Methods. We used Ministry of Health death records and 2010 Census population data (190 755 799 residents and 1 136 947 deaths). We applied the Arriaga methodology to calculate decomposition of life expectancy by cause of death. We performed sensitivity analyses for underreporting of deaths, missing data, and numerator-denominator bias. Results. Using standard life table methods, female life expectancy was highest for mixed races (78.80 years), followed by Whites (77.54 years), then Blacks (76.32 years). Male life expectancy was highest for Whites (71.10 years) followed closely by mixed races (71.08 years), and lower for Blacks (70.11 years). Homicides contributed the most to the relative life expectancy increase for Whites, and cancer decreased the gap. After adjustment for underreporting, missing data, and numerator-denominator bias, life expectancy was higher for Whites than for Blacks and mixed races. Conclusions. Despite wide socioeconomic differences between Whites and mixed races, standard life table methods showed that mixed races had higher life expectancy than Whites for women, and similar for men. With the increase of multiracial populations, measuring racial disparities in life expectancy will be a fast-growing challenge. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/09717-2 - Desigualdade de renda e saúde dos idosos: análise longitudinal multinível de uma amostra do Município de São Paulo
Beneficiário:Alexandre Dias Porto Chiavegatto Filho
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado