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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Coupling remote sensing bio-optical and three-dimensional hydrodynamic modeling to study the phytoplankton dynamics in a tropical hydroelectric reservoir

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Curtarelli, M. P. [1] ; Ogashawara, I. [1] ; Alcantara, E. H. [2] ; Stech, J. L. [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Natl Inst Space Res, Remote Sensing Div, BR-12227010 Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ, Dept Cartog, BR-19060900 Presidente Prudente, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT; v. 157, n. SI, p. 185-198, FEB 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 17
Resumo

The goal of this study was to determine the extent to which mixing and stratification processes influence the horizontal surface phytoplankton distribution in a tropical hydroelectric reservoir in Brazil. We used a synergistic approach that combines remote sensing bio-optical empirical and three-dimensional hydrodynamic modeling to represent phytoplankton dynamics. Seasonal differences were evaluated by simulating the bio-optical and the three-dimensional hydrodynamic models for two periods: the austral summer and winter of 2009. The three-dimensional hydrodynamic model simulations showed that the water column was completely mixed during winter; the water column remained stratified during summer. We also noticed a permanent thermocline during the summer between 15 and 25 m in the reservoir. In both seasons, the surface current was wind driven and preferentially directed eastward. The bio-optical model showed that the horizontal surface phytoplankton distribution, as indicated by chlorophyll-a concentration, was heterogeneous during winter and homogenous during summer. Moreover, higher concentrations were observed by the empirical bio-optical model during winter (the highest mean areal concentration was 24 mu g L-1) than in summer (2.1 mu g L-1). This difference was explained by short timescale events, such as cold front passages, which contributed to the proliferation of phytoplankton in winter by enhancing vertical mixing in the water column. Lake number analysis showed that upwelling events were the most common mechanisms driving the mixing process during winter (L-N < 1 82% of the time). Combining remote sensing and three-dimensional hydrodynamic modeling makes it possible to more fully analyze the dynamics of the horizontal surface phytoplankton distribution under different meteorological conditions. The two modeling techniques can be used in a complementary manner and serve as an essential tool for the environmental monitoring of aquatic systems. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/57719-9 - Programa de Mudanças Climáticas - INCT CLIMA
Beneficiário:Carlos Afonso Nobre
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 07/08103-2 - Estudo da circulação, qualidade da água e uso/ocupação do solo na bacia hidrográfica do Reservatório de Itumbiara
Beneficiário:José Luiz Stech
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular