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Temperature effects on baroreflex control of heart rate in the toad, Rhinella schneideri

Texto completo
Zena, Lucas A. [1] ; Gargaglioni, Luciane H. [1] ; Bicego, Kenia C. [1]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Natl Inst Sci & Technol Comparat Physiol, INCT Fisiol Comparada, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Citações Web of Science: 6

For an adequate blood supply to support metabolic demands, vertebrates regulate blood pressure to maintain sufficient perfusion to avoid ischemia and other tissue damage like edema. Using a pharmacological approach (phenylephrine and sodium nitroprusside) we investigated baroreflex sensitivity at 15, 25, and 30 degrees C in toads Rhinella schneideri. Baroreflex sensitivity presented a high thermal dependence (Q(10) = 1.9-4.1), and the HR-baroreflex curve was shifted up and to the right as temperature increased from 15 to 30 degrees C. Baroreflex variables, namely, HR range, gain(50) (maximal gain) and normalized gain(50) increased 206, 235, and 160% from 15 to 30 degrees C, respectively. The cardiac limb of the baroreflex response to pharmacological treatments was significantly blunted after full autonomic blockade. In addition, there was a clear baroreflex-HR response mainly to hypotension at all three temperatures tested. These findings indicate that toads present temperature dependence for cardiac limb of the barostatic response and the cardiac baroreflex response in R. schneideri is primarily hypotensive rather than hypertensive as well as crocodilians and mammals. Thus, the cardiac baroreflex compensation to changes in arterial pressure might present different patterns among amphibian species, since the previously reported bradycardic compensation to hypertension in some anurans was not observed in the toad used in the present study. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/57712-4 - Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas em Fisiologia Comparada
Beneficiário:Augusto Shinya Abe
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 12/17379-0 - Função barorreflexa de sapos Rhinella schneideri: efeito da temperatura e do estado de hidratação e participação do sistema renina-angiotensina
Beneficiário:Lucas Aparecido Zena
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado