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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Effects of coastal upwelling on the structure of macrofaunal communities in SE Brazil

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Quintana, Cintia O. [1] ; Bernardino, Angelo F. [2] ; de Moraes, Paula C. [1] ; Valdemarsen, Thomas [3] ; Sumida, Paulo Y. G. [1]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Oceanog, BR-05508120 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Espirito Santo, Dept Oceanog & Ecol, BR-29075910 Vitoria, Espirito Santo - Brazil
[3] Univ Southern Denmark, Inst Biol, DK-5230 Odense M - Denmark
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF MARINE SYSTEMS; v. 143, p. 120-129, MAR 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 11
Resumo

The effects of coastal upwelling on the structure of macrofaunal communities were investigated in two shallow bays in SE Brazil. Water, sediment and fauna samples were collected at four time-points corresponding to austral summer, fall, winter and spring, respectively. Water column temperature and salinity profiles indicated that upwelling occurred in summer-spring (December and November), but not in fall-winter (April and August). The structure of macrofaunal communities differed consistently between these periods. The sediment content of labile organic matter did not vary as a function of upwelling and could not explain the changes in macrofaunal communities. Rather it appeared that macrofaunal community structure was determined by organic matter quality (i.e. phytoplankton composition), physical disturbance regimes and bottom-water temperature. Physical disturbance caused by S-SE winds, warm water temperatures (up to 26 degrees C) and resuspension-driven phytoflagellate blooms during non-upwelling were associated to higher density (2511-2525 ind m(-2)) and dominance of small opportunistic species such as spionid, paraonid and capitellid polychaetes. In contrast, stable hydrodynamic conditions, diatom blooms and lower water temperatures (down to 18 degrees C) during upwelling resulted in lower density of macrofauna (796-1387 ind m(-2)) and a shift in species composition to relatively large-sized magelonids and carnivorous polychaetes. Therefore, organic matter quality, physical disturbance regimes, and bottom-water temperature were the major factors regulating the life-cycles, composition and density of macrofaunal communities in these less productive subtropical upwelling systems. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/06121-1 - Vias de degradação da matéria orgânica em sedimentos costeiros marinhos: implicações para o funcionamento do ecossistema (pathways)
Beneficiário:Cintia Organo Quintana
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 05/57516-2 - Quantificação de bactérias bênticas em duas enseadas de Ubatuba (SP): avaliação da resposta bacteriana ao aporte de matéria orgânica em sedimentos costeiros
Beneficiário:Paula Carpintero de Moraes
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 04/03906-1 - Indicadores moleculares da qualidade na matéria orgânica em sedimentos costeiros: diagênese recente e influência no sistema bêntico
Beneficiário:Paulo Yukio Gomes Sumida
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular