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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Human Mitochondrial Hsp70 (Mortalin): Shedding Light on ATPase Activity, Interaction with Adenosine Nucleotides, Solution Structure and Domain Organization

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Autor(es):
Dores-Silva, Paulo R. [1] ; Barbosa, Leandro R. S. [2] ; Ramos, Carlos H. I. [3] ; Borges, Julio C. [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Chem Sao Carlos, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Phys, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas, UNICAMP, Inst Chem, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 10, n. 1 JAN 23 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 20
Resumo

The human mitochondrial Hsp70, also called mortalin, is of considerable importance for mitochondria biogenesis and the correct functioning of the cell machinery. In the mitochondrial matrix, mortalin acts in the importing and folding process of nucleus-encoded proteins. The in vivo deregulation of mortalin expression and/or function has been correlated with age-related diseases and certain cancers due to its interaction with the p53 protein. In spite of its critical biological roles, structural and functional studies on mortalin are limited by its insoluble recombinant production. This study provides the first report of the production of folded and soluble recombinant mortalin when co-expressed with the human Hsp70-escort protein 1, but it is still likely prone to self-association. The monomeric fraction of mortalin presented a slightly elongated shape and basal ATPase activity that is higher than that of its cytoplasmic counterpart Hsp70-1A, suggesting that it was obtained in the functional state. Through small angle X-ray scattering, we assessed the low-resolution structural model of monomeric mortalin that is characterized by an elongated shape. This model adequately accommodated high resolution structures of Hsp70 domains indicating its quality. We also observed that mortalin interacts with adenosine nucleotides with high affinity. Thermally induced unfolding experiments indicated that mortalin is formed by at least two domains and that the transition is sensitive to the presence of adenosine nucleotides and that this process is dependent on the presence of Mg2+ ions. Interestingly, the thermal-induced unfolding assays of mortalin suggested the presence of an aggregation/association event, which was not observed for human Hsp70-1A, and this finding may explain its natural tendency for in vivo aggregation. Our study may contribute to the structural understanding of mortalin as well as to contribute for its recombinant production for antitumor compound screenings. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/50161-8 - Estudo da estrutura e função da chaperona Hsp90 com ênfase no seu papel em homeostase celular
Beneficiário:Carlos Henrique Inacio Ramos
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 11/23110-0 - Uso da calorimetria de titulação isotérmica para a determinação de propriedades termodinâmicas de interação de proteína-ligante e proteína-proteína
Beneficiário:Julio Cesar Borges
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular