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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

The Robustness of Plant-Pollinator Assemblages: Linking Plant Interaction Patterns and Sensitivity to Pollinator Loss

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Autor(es):
Astegiano, Julia [1, 2] ; Massol, Francois [2, 3] ; Vidal, Mariana Morais [1] ; Cheptou, Pierre-Olivier [2] ; Guimaraes, Jr., Paulo R. [1]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Ecol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Montpellier 3, Univ Montpellier, CNRS, CEFE UMR 5175, F-34032 Montpellier - France
[3] Univ Lille 1, CNRS UMR 8198, Lab GEPV, F-59655 Villeneuve Dascq - France
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 10, n. 2 FEB 3 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 11
Resumo

Most flowering plants depend on pollinators to reproduce. Thus, evaluating the robustness of plant-pollinator assemblages to species loss is a major concern. How species interaction patterns are related to species sensitivity to partner loss may influence the robustness of plant-pollinator assemblages. In plants, both reproductive dependence on pollinators (breeding system) and dispersal ability may modulate plant sensitivity to pollinator loss. For instance, species with strong dependence (e.g. dioecious species) and low dispersal (e.g. seeds dispersed by gravity) may be the most sensitive to pollinator loss. We compared the interaction patterns of plants differing in dependence on pollinators and dispersal ability in a meta-dataset comprising 192 plant species from 13 plant-pollinator networks. In addition, network robustness was compared under different scenarios representing sequences of plant extinctions associated with plant sensitivity to pollinator loss. Species with different dependence on pollinators and dispersal ability showed similar levels of generalization. Although plants with low dispersal ability interacted with more generalized pollinators, low-dispersal plants with strong dependence on pollinators (i.e. the most sensitive to pollinator loss) interacted with more particular sets of pollinators (i.e. shared a low proportion of pollinators with other plants). Only two assemblages showed lower robustness under the scenario considering plant generalization, dependence on pollinators and dispersal ability than under the scenario where extinction sequences only depended on plant generalization (i.e. where higher generalization level was associated with lower probability of extinction). Overall, our results support the idea that species generalization and network topology may be good predictors of assemblage robustness to species loss, independently of plant dispersal ability and breeding system. In contrast, since ecological specialization among partners may increase the probability of disruption of interactions, the fact that the plants most sensitive to pollinator loss interacted with more particular pollinator assemblages suggest that the persistence of these plants and their pollinators might be highly compromised. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/04941-1 - Robustez de redes planta-polinizador em ambientes fragmentados: o papel do sistema reprodutivo e a estratégia de dispersão das plantas na persistência das espécies
Beneficiário:Julia Astegiano
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 09/54422-8 - Estrutura e dinâmica coevolutiva em redes de interações mutualísticas
Beneficiário:Paulo Roberto Guimarães Junior
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 10/11633-6 - Fragmentação de habitats na Mata Atlântica e a persistência de redes de interação entre plantas e frugívoros
Beneficiário:Mariana Morais Vidal
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 11/09951-2 - Robustez de redes de interação planta-polinizador frente á perda de habitat: o papel do sistema reprodutivo das plantas
Beneficiário:Julia Astegiano
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado