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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Runaway stars as cosmic ray injectors inside molecular clouds

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Autor(es):
del Valle, M. V. [1, 2] ; Romero, G. E. [1, 2] ; Santos-Lima, R. [3]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Nacl La Plata, Fac Ciencias Astron & Geofis, RA-1900 La Plata, Buenos Aires - Argentina
[2] Inst Argentino Radioastron, RA-1894 Buenos Aires, DF - Argentina
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Astron Geofis & Ciencias Atmosfer, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society; v. 448, n. 1, p. 207-220, MAR 21 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 9
Resumo

Giant molecular clouds (GMCs) are a new population of gamma-ray sources, being the target of cosmic rays (CRs)-locally accelerated or not. These clouds host very young stellar clusters where massive star formation takes place. Eventually, some of the stars are ejected from the clusters, becoming runaway stars. These stars move supersonically through the cloud and develop bowshocks where particles can be accelerated up to relativistic energies. As a result, the bowshocks present non-thermal emission, and inject relativistic protons in the cloud. These protons diffuse in the GMC interacting with the matter. We present a model for the non-thermal radiation generated by protons and secondary pairs accelerated in the bowshocks of massive runaway stars within young GMCs. We solve the transport equation for primary protons and secondary pairs as the stars move through the cloud. We present non-thermal emissivity maps in radio and in gamma-rays as a function of time. We obtain X-ray luminosities of the order of similar to 1032 erg s(-1) and gamma-ray luminosities similar to 10(34) erg s(-1). We conclude that, under some assumptions, relativistic protons from massive runaway stars interacting with matter in GMCs give rise to extended non-thermal sources. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 09/54006-4 - Um cluster de computadores para o Departamento de Astronomia do IAG-USP e para o Núcleo de Astrofísica da UNICSUL
Beneficiário:Elisabete Maria de Gouveia Dal Pino
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa Equipamentos Multiusuários
Processo FAPESP: 13/15115-8 - Estudo de efeitos de plasma não-colisional: aplicação ao meio intra-aglomerado de galáxias
Beneficiário:Reinaldo Santos de Lima
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado