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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Geographical variation in mutualistic networks: similarity, turnover and partner fidelity

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Autor(es):
Trojelsgaard, Kristian [1, 2] ; Jordano, Pedro [3] ; Carstensen, Daniel W. [4] ; Olesen, Jens M. [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Aarhus Univ, Dept Biosci, Aarhus - Denmark
[2] Aalborg Univ, Dept Chem & Biosci, Aalborg - Denmark
[3] CSIC, Integrat Ecol Grp, Estn Biol Donana, E-41080 Seville - Spain
[4] Univ Estadual Paulista UNESP, Lab Fenol, Dept Bot, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; v. 282, n. 1802 MAR 7 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 44
Resumo

Although species and their interactions in unison represent biodiversity and all the ecological and evolutionary processes associated with life, biotic interactions have, contrary to species, rarely been integrated into the concepts of spatial beta-diversity. Here, we examine beta-diversity of ecological networks by using pollination networks sampled across the Canary Islands. We show that adjacent and distant communities are more and less similar, respectively, in their composition of plants, pollinators and interactions than expected from random distributions. We further show that replacement of species is the major driver of interaction turnover and that this contribution increases with distance. Finally, we quantify that species-specific partner compositions (here called partner fidelity) deviate from random partner use, but vary as a result of ecological and geographical variables. In particular, breakdown of partner fidelity was facilitated by increasing geographical distance, changing abundances and changing linkage levels, but was not related to the geographical distribution of the species. This highlights the importance of space when comparing communities of interacting species and may stimulate a rethinking of the spatial interpretation of interaction networks. Moreover, geographical interaction dynamics and its causes are important in our efforts to anticipate effects of large-scale changes, such as anthropogenic disturbances. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/22635-2 - Diversidade florística e padrões sazonais dos campos rupestres e cerrado
Beneficiário:Daniel Wisbech Carstensen
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 14/01594-4 - Variação de redes planta-polinizador e pares de interações no espaço e no tempo
Beneficiário:Daniel Wisbech Carstensen
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado