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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Glycerol combined with oils did not limit biohydrogenation of unsaturated fatty acid but reduced methane production in vitro

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Castagnino, P. S. [1] ; Messana, J. D. [1] ; Fiorentini, G. [1] ; de Jesus, R. B. [1] ; Vito, E. San [1] ; Carvalho, I. P. C. [1] ; Berchielli, T. T. [2, 1]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Coll Agr & Vet Sci FCAV, Dept Anim Sci, BR-14884900 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Vicosa, INCT CA, Dept Anim Sci, BR-36570000 Vicosa, MG - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ANIMAL FEED SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; v. 201, p. 14-24, MAR 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 14
Resumo

Three runs of in vitro incubations were conducted to evaluate the effect of glycerol (0 or 150 g/kg DM) combined with three different diets: Tifton 85 hay at 850 g/kg DM without oil seeds (HWO), Tifton 85 hay + 80 g of soybean oil/kg DM (HSO) and Tifton 85 hay + 80 g of linseed oil/kg DM (HLO) incubated for 0, 6, 12 and 24h on fatty acid composition and ruminal fermentation parameters. Real-time PCR was used to quantify microbial population at 24 h. Methanogens, fibrolitic and lipolityc bacteria were expressed as a proportion of total rumen bacterial 16S rDNA. Separately, kinetic of gas production was assessed at 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 18, 22, 24, 36, 42 and 48h. In vitro true digestibility, g/kg (IVTD) and CH4 (%/g DMD) production were evaluated at 48 h. The experimental design for fatty acid composition and ruminal parameters was a randomized block in a factorial arrangement 2 x 3 x 4, glycerol, diets and time, respectively. Microbial quantification, IVTD and methane were evaluated with the same design but without time as a factor. The pH value and ammonia concentration were lower in HWO compared with HSO and HLO diets, independent of glycerol addition. Ruminococcus albus, Ruminococcus flavefaciens, Butyrivrio vaccenic acid and stearic acid subgroup did not change with glycerol and oil addition (P>0.05). Among all cellulolytic bacteria, Fibrobacter succinogenes was the most sensitive to the addition of vegetable oil in the diet. Methane production decreased in HSO diet combined with glycerol and HLO diets with or without glycerol addition. Lag time (h) from the gas production kinetics decreased in HWO and HSO diets combined with glycerol. The C2:C3 ratio decreased in diets with glycerol addition. Glycerol inclusion did not reduce biohydrogenation of unsaturated fatty acids in vitro. Glycerol was ineffective to reduce the potentially negative effects of vegetable oils on ruminal fermentation and digestibility in vitro. Indeed, the proportion of Anaerovibrio lipolytica increased in all diets with glycerol added and unsaturated fatty acids profile remained unchanged. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/13122-4 - Avaliação in vitro da fermentação ruminal e da biohidrogenação de fontes de óleo vegetal com a inclusão de glicerol
Beneficiário:Pablo de Souza Castagnino
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado