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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Intercropped Silviculture Systems, a Key to Achieving Soil Fungal Community Management in Eucalyptus Plantations

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Rachid, Caio T. C. C. [1] ; Balieiro, Fabiano C. [2] ; Fonseca, Eduardo S. [1] ; Peixoto, Raquel Silva [1] ; Chaer, Guilherme M. [3] ; Tiedje, James M. [4] ; Rosado, Alexandre S. [1]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro, Inst Microbiol Paulo de Goes, Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
[2] EMBRAPA, Embrapa Solos, Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
[3] EMBRAPA, Embrapa Agrobiol, Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
[4] Michigan State Univ, Ctr Microbial Ecol, E Lansing, MI 48824 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 10, n. 2 FEB 23 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 19
Resumo

Fungi are ubiquitous and important contributors to soil nutrient cycling, playing a vital role in C, N and P turnover, with many fungi having direct beneficial relationships with plants. However, the factors that modulate the soil fungal community are poorly understood. We studied the degree to which the composition of tree species affected the soil fungal community structure and diversity by pyrosequencing the 28S rRNA gene in soil DNA. We were also interested in whether intercropping (mixed plantation of two plant species) could be used to select fungal species. More than 50,000 high quality sequences were analyzed from three treatments: monoculture of Eucalyptus; monoculture of Acacia mangium; and a mixed plantation with both species sampled 2 and 3 years after planting. We found that the plant type had a major effect on the soil fungal community structure, with 75% of the sequences from the Eucalyptus soil belonging to Basidiomycota and 19% to Ascomycota, and the Acacia soil having a sequence distribution of 28% and 62%, respectively. The intercropping of Acacia mangium in a Eucalyptus plantation significantly increased the number of fungal genera and the diversity indices and introduced or increased the frequency of several genera that were not found in the monoculture cultivation samples. Our results suggest that management of soil fungi is possible by manipulating the composition of the plant community, and intercropped systems can be a means to achieve that. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/16623-9 - Intensificação ecológica de plantações de eucaliptos pela associação com espécies leguminosas arbóreas fixadoras de nitrogênio
Beneficiário:José Leonardo de Moraes Gonçalves
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático