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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Toll-like receptor 9 plays a key role in the autonomic cardiac and baroreflex control of arterial pressure

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Rodrigues, Fernanda Luciano [1] ; Silva, Luiz Eduardo V. [2] ; Hott, Sara Cristina [1] ; Bomfim, Gisele F. [3] ; Aguiar da Silva, Carlos Alberto [2] ; Fazan, Jr., Rubens [2] ; Resstel, Leonardo B. M. [1] ; Tostes, Rita C. [1] ; Carneiro, Fernando S. [1]
Número total de Autores: 9
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Med School, Dept Pharmacol, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Med School, Dept Physiol, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Mato Grosso, Inst Hlth Sci, Sinop, Mato Grosso - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-REGULATORY INTEGRATIVE AND COMPARATIVE PHYSIOLOGY; v. 308, n. 8, p. R714-R723, APR 15 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 8
Resumo

The crosstalk between the immune and the autonomic nervous system may impact the cardiovascular function. Toll-like receptors are components of the innate immune system and play developmental and physiological roles. Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) is involved in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases, such as hypertension and heart failure. Since such diseases are commonly accompanied by autonomic imbalance and lower baroreflex sensitivity, we hypothesized that TLR9 modulates cardiac autonomic and baroreflex control of arterial pressure (AP). Toll-like receptor 9 knockout (TLR9 KO) and wild-type (WT) mice were implanted with catheters into carotid artery and jugular vein and allowed to recover for 3 days. After basal recording of AP, mice received methyl-atropine or propranolol. AP and pulse interval (PI) variability were evaluated in the time and frequency domain (spectral analysis), as well as by multiscale entropy. Spontaneous baroreflex was studied by sequence technique. Behavioral and cardiovascular responses to fear-conditioning stress were also evaluated. AP was similar between groups, but TLR9 KO mice exhibited lower basal heart rate (HR). AP variability was not different, but PI variability was increased in TLR9 KO mice. The total entropy was higher in TLR9 KO mice. Moreover, baroreflex function was found higher in TLR9 KO mice. Atropine-induced tachycardia was increased in TLR9 KO mice, whereas the propranolol-induced bradycardia was similar to WT mice. TLR9 KO mice exhibit increased behavioral and decreased tachycardia responses to fear-conditioning stress. In conclusion, our findings suggest that TLR9 may negatively modulate cardiac vagal tone and baroreflex in mice. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/17362-4 - Mecanismos da disfunção erétil na insuficiência cardíaca
Beneficiário:Fernando Silva Carneiro
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores