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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Pressurized liquid extraction and low-pressure solvent extraction of carotenoids from pressed palm fiber: Experimental and economical evaluation

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Cardenas-Toro, Fiorella P. [1] ; Alcazar-Alay, Sylvia C. [1] ; Coutinho, Janclei P. [2] ; Godoy, Helena Teixeira [2] ; Forster-Carneiro, Tania [1] ; Meireles, M. Angela A. [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, UNICAMP, Sch Food Engn, LASEFI DEA FEA, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, UNICAMP, Sch Food Engn, LabAnal DCA FEA, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FOOD AND BIOPRODUCTS PROCESSING; v. 94, p. 90-100, APR 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 22
Resumo

In this work, a comparison of Soxhlet extraction (LPSE-SOX),,percolation (LPSE-PE) and pressurized liquid extraction (PLE) for the recovery of carotenoid-rich extracts from pressed palm fiber (PPF) was carried out in terms of yield, carotenoid profile and economic viability to evaluate the methods' industrial applicability. An optimization study was performed for each extraction technique with ethanol at a solvent/feed ratio of 20. The independent variables were temperature (35-55 degrees C), pressure (0.1-8 MPa) and flow rate (1.6, 2.4 g/min). The results showed that the global extraction yield obtained using LPSE-SOX (96 +/- 4 mg extract/g PPF d.b.) after 6 h was higher than that obtained using LPSE-PE (74 +/- 5 mg extract/g PPF d.b., 35 degrees C, 2.4 g/min) or PLE (44 +/- 3 mg extract/g PPF d.b., 55 degrees C, 4 MPa, 2.4 g/min) after dynamic extraction time of 17 min under optimized conditions. On the other hand, the carotenoid yield obtained using PLE (305 +/- 118 mu g alpha-carotene/g extract and 713 +/- 46 mu g beta-carotene/g extract) was higher than the obtained by LPSE-SOX (142 +/- 13 1 mu g alpha-carotene/g extract and 317 +/- 46 mu g beta-carotene/g extract). PLE technique showed the highest selectivity for carotenoids than LPSE techniques. The lowest cost of manufacturing (COM) were obtained for LPSE-PE and PLE with values of US\$13.4 and US\$29.2/kg extract for a 0.5 m(3) vessel capacity (C) 2015 The Institution of Chemical Engineers. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/19817-1 - Biorefinaria na indústria agroalimentar: reaproveitamento de resíduos para produção de novos compostos químicos e biohidrogênio
Beneficiário:Tânia Forster Carneiro
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOEN - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 12/10685-8 - Combinação/acoplamento de processos para a produção e encapsulamento de extratos vegetais de alto valor agregado: avaliação técnica e econômica
Beneficiário:Maria Angela de Almeida Meireles Petenate
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular