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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Involvement of TRPV1 channels in the periaqueductal grey on the modulation of innate fear responses

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Autor(es):
Aguiar, Daniele C. [1] ; Almeida-Santos, Ana F. [1] ; Moreira, Fabricio A. [1] ; Guimaraes, Francisco S. [2]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Inst Biol Sci, Dept Pharmacol, Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Sch Med, Dept Pharmacol, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ACTA NEUROPSYCHIATRICA; v. 27, n. 2, p. 97-105, APR 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

Objectives: The transient receptor potential vanilloid type-1 channel (TRPV1) is expressed in the midbrain periaqueductal grey (PAG), a region of the brain related to aversive responses. TRPV1 antagonism in the dorsolateral PAG (dlPAG) induces anxiolytic-like effects in models based on conflict situations. No study, however, has investigated whether these receptors could contribute to fear responses to proximal threat. Thus, we tested the hypothesis that TRPV1 in the PAG could mediate fear response in rats exposed to a predator. Methods: We verified whether exposure to a live cat (a natural predator) would activate TRPV1-expressing neurons in the PAG. Double-staining immunohistochemistry was used as a technique to detect c-Fos, a marker of neuronal activation, and TRPV1 expression. We also investigated whether intra-dlPAG injections of the TRPV1 antagonist, capsazepine (CPZ), would attenuate the behavioural consequences of predator exposure. Results: Exposure to a cat increased c-Fos expression in TRPV1-positive neurons, mainly in the dorsal columns of the PAG, suggesting that TRPV1-expressing neurons are activated by threatening stimuli. Accordingly, local injection of CPZ inhibited the fear responses. Conclusion: These data support the hypothesis that TRPV1 channels mediate fear reactions in the dlPAG. This may have an implication for the development of TRPV1-antagonists as potential drugs for the treatment of certain psychiatric disorders. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/17626-7 - Mecanismos celulares e moleculares envolvidos no papel de neurotransmissores atípicos em transtornos neuropsiquiátricos
Beneficiário:Francisco Silveira Guimaraes
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático