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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Genetic relationship among reproductive traits in Nellore cattle

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Autor(es):
Guarini, A. R. [1] ; Neves, H. H. R. [1] ; Schenkel, F. S. [2] ; Carvalheiro, R. [1] ; Oliveira, J. A. [3] ; Queiroz, S. A. [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] FCAV Univ Estadual Paulista, Dept Zootecnia, BR-14884900 Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Guelph, Dept Anim & Poultry Sci, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1 - Canada
[3] FCAV Univ Estadual Paulista, Dept Ciencias Exatas, BR-14884900 Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ANIMAL; v. 9, n. 5, p. 760-765, MAY 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 5
Resumo

In order to achieve improvements in production efficiency in livestock, herds of high sexual precocity and good fertility are needed. These traits increase the availability of animals in herd, either for sale or selection, allowing both greater selective intensity and greater genetic progress. This study aimed at estimating genetic parameters for reproductive traits measured directly in females in order to verify whether they could be used as selection criteria for genetic improvement in Nellore cows, as well as estimating the genetic relationship among these traits and scrotal circumference (SC), the traditional selection criterion for sexual precocity in cattle. In addition to SC, stayability (STAY), number of calvings at 53 months (NC53) and heifers rebreeding (HR) were studied. The (co)variances and genetic parameters were estimated using Bayesian inference. STAY, NC53 and HR were analyzed assuming a threshold model, whereas SC was analyzed with a linear model. Heritability estimated for NC53 was 0.22, and this trait was strongly and positively correlated with STAY, meaning selection for NC53 would improve productive longevity of Nellore cows. Correlations estimated between HR and STAY (approximate to 0.97) and between HR and NC53 (approximate to 0.99) allow an improvement on HR rates if selection was applied to traits related to longevity. Genetic correlations among SC and female reproductive traits were positive but weak, suggesting the need to use reproductive traits directly measured in females in order to obtain greater improvements in sexual precocity and longevity. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/16066-5 - Relações genéticas entre número de partos até 53 meses, reconcepção de primíparas, habilidade de permanência e perímetro escrotal em bovinos da raça Nelore
Beneficiário:Aline Rocha Guarini
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado