Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Transthyretin Antisense Oligonucleotides Lower Circulating RBP4 Levels and Improve Insulin Sensitivity in Obese Mice

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Zemany, Laura [1] ; Bhanot, Sanjay [2] ; Peroni, Odile D. [1] ; Murray, Susan F. [2] ; Moraes-Vieira, Pedro M. [1] ; Castoldi, Angela [1] ; Manchem, Prasad [2] ; Guo, Shuling [2] ; Monia, Brett P. [2] ; Kahn, Barbara B. [1]
Número total de Autores: 10
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Harvard Univ, Beth Israel Deaconess Med Ctr, Sch Med, Div Endocrinol Diabet & Metab, Dept Med, Boston, MA 02215 - USA
[2] ISIS Pharmaceut, Carlsbad, CA 92008 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Diabetes; v. 64, n. 5, p. 1603-1614, MAY 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 21
Resumo

Circulating transthyretin (TTR) is a critical determinant of plasma retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) levels. Elevated RBP4 levels cause insulin resistance, and the lowering of RBP4 levels improves glucose homeostasis. Since lowering TTR levels increases renal clearance of RBP4, we determined whether decreasing TTR levels with antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) improves glucose metabolism and insulin sensitivity in obesity. TTR-ASO treatment of mice with genetic or diet-induced obesity resulted in an 80-95% decrease in circulating levels of TTR and RBP4. Treatment with TTR-ASOs, but not control ASOs, decreased insulin levels by 30-60% and improved insulin sensitivity in ob/ob mice and high-fat diet-fed mice as early as after 2 weeks of treatment. The reduced insulin levels were sustained for up to 9 weeks of treatment and were associated with reduced adipose tissue inflammation. Body weight was not changed. TTR-ASO treatment decreased LDL cholesterol in high-fat diet-fed mice. The glucose infusion rate during a hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp was increased by 50% in high-fat diet-fed mice treated with TTR-ASOs, demonstrating improved insulin sensitivity. This was also demonstrated by 20% greater inhibition of hepatic glucose production, a 45-60% increase of glucose uptake into skeletal and cardiac muscle, and a twofold increase in insulin signaling in muscle. These data show that decreasing circulating TTR levels or altering TTR-RBP4 binding could be a potential therapeutic approach for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/02218-6 - Estudo das vias de sinalização induzidas por RBP4 em macrófagos e células dendríticas na resistência à insulina induzida pela obesidade
Beneficiário:Angela Castoldi
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado