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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

The generalist Inga subnuda subsp luschnathiana (Fabaceae): negative effect of floral visitors on reproductive success?

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Avila, Jr., R. [1] ; Pinheiro, M. [2] ; Sazima, M. [3]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Pampa, LEBIP, Lab Estudos Biodiversidade Pampiana, Uruguaiana, RS - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Fronteira Sul, Cerro Largo, RS - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Biol Vegetal, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Plant Biology; v. 17, n. 3, p. 728-733, MAY 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 6
Resumo

Inga species are characterised by generalist or mixed pollination system. However, this feature does not enhance reproductive rates in species with very low fruit set under natural conditions. Some ecological and genetic factors are associated with this feature, and to test the effect of massive visits on pollination success in Inga subnuda subsp. luschnathiana, we studied the efficacy of polyads deposited on stigmas of flowers isolated from visitors and polyads exposed to visitors. The proportion of polyads fixed in stigmas decreased after exposure to visitors (24h) in comparison to stigmas isolated from visitors (hummingbirds, bees, wasps, hawkmoths and bats), and fruit set was very low. Furthermore, nectar production, sugar composition and other floral biology traits were evaluated. Increased nectar production, sugar availability and sucrose dominance during the night indicates adaptation to nocturnal visitors and supports their role as main pollinators; although the brush-flower morphology, time of anthesis, nectar dynamics and chemical composition also allow daytime visitors. Thus the species is an important resource for a diverse group of floral visitors. We conclude that excess visits (diurnal and nocturnal) are responsible for the decrease in fixed polyads in stigmas of I.subnuda subsp. luschnathiana flowers, thus contributing, with others factors, to its low fruit set. Therefore, the generalist pollination system does not result in reproductive advantages because the low fruit set in natural conditions could be the result of a negative effect of visitors/pollinators. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 04/14354-0 - A comunidade de plantas esfingófilas da Floresta Ombrófila Densa do Núcleo Picinguaba: composição, fenologia e biologia da polinização
Beneficiário:Rubem Samuel de Avila Jr.
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 03/12595-7 - Composição florística, estrutura e funcionamento da Floresta Ombrófila Densa dos Núcleos Picinguaba e Santa Virgínia do Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar, estado de São Paulo, Brasil
Beneficiário:Carlos Alfredo Joly
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático