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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Rare variants in SOS2 and LZTR1 are associated with Noonan syndrome

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Autor(es):
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Yamamoto, Guilherme Lopes [1, 2] ; Aguena, Meire [2] ; Gos, Monika [3] ; Hung, Christina [4] ; Pilch, Jacek [5] ; Fahiminiya, Somayyeh [6] ; Abramowicz, Anna [3] ; Cristian, Ingrid [7] ; Buscarilli, Michelle [1] ; Naslavsky, Michel Satya [2] ; Malaquias, Alexsandra C. [8] ; Zatz, Mayana [2] ; Bodamer, Olaf [4] ; Majewski, Jacek [6] ; Jorge, Alexander A. L. [8] ; Pereira, Alexandre C. [9] ; Kim, Chong Ae [1] ; Passos-Bueno, Maria Rita [2] ; Bertola, Debora Romeo [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 19
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Unidade Genet, Inst Crianca, Hosp Clin, BR-05403000 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Ctr Pesquisa Genoma Humano & Celulas Tronco, BR-05403000 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Inst Mother & Child Hlth, Dept Med Genet, Warsaw - Poland
[4] Boston Childrens Hosp, Dept Med, Div Genet & Genom, Boston, MA - USA
[5] Med Univ Silesia, Dept Child Neurol, Katowice - Poland
[6] McGill Univ, Dept Human Genet, Montreal, PQ - Canada
[7] Nemours Childrens Hosp Orlando, Orlando, FL - USA
[8] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Hosp Clin, Dept Endocrinol, BR-05403000 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[9] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Hosp Clin, Inst Cardiol, BR-05403000 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 9
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF MEDICAL GENETICS; v. 52, n. 6, p. 413-421, JUN 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 68
Resumo

Background Noonan syndrome is an autosomal dominant, multisystemic disorder caused by dysregulation of the RAS/mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway. Heterozygous, pathogenic variants in 11 known genes account for approximately 80% of cases. The identification of novel genes associated with Noonan syndrome has become increasingly challenging, since they might be responsible for very small fractions of the cases. Methods A cohort of 50 Brazilian probands negative for pathogenic variants in the known genes associated with Noonan syndrome was tested through whole-exome sequencing along with the relatives in the familial cases. Families from the USA and Poland with mutations in the newly identified genes were included subsequently. Results We identified rare, segregating or de novo missense variants in SOS2 and LZTR1 in 4% and 8%, respectively, of the 50 Brazilian probands. SOS2 and LZTR1 variants were also found to segregate in one American and one Polish family. Notably, SOS2 variants were identified in patients with marked ectodermal involvement, similar to patients with SOS1 mutations. Conclusions We identified two novel genes, SOS2 and LZTR1, associated with Noonan syndrome, thereby expanding the molecular spectrum of RASopathies. Mutations in these genes are responsible for approximately 3% of all patients with Noonan syndrome. While SOS2 is a natural candidate, because of its homology with SOS1, the functional role of LZTR1 in the RAS/MAPK pathway is not known, and it could not have been identified without the large pedigrees. Additional functional studies are needed to elucidate the role of LZTR1 in RAS/MAPK signalling and in the pathogenesis of Noonan syndrome. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/17299-3 - Estudo clínico e molecular de pacientes com síndromes de Noonan e Noonan-like: caracterização fenotípica e pesquisa de novas alterações causais
Beneficiário:Débora Romeo Bertola
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 98/14254-2 - Centro de Estudos do Genoma Humano
Beneficiário:Mayana Zatz
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Centros de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão - CEPIDs