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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Temporal Variation in Honey Production by the Stingless Bee Melipona subnitida (Hymenoptera: Apidae): Long-Term Management Reveals its Potential as a Commercial Species in Northeastern Brazil

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Koffler, Sheina [1] ; Menezes, Cristiano [2] ; Menezes, Paulo Roberto [3] ; Peixoto Kleinert, Astrid de Matos [1] ; Imperatriz-Fonseca, Vera Lucia [1, 4] ; Pope, Nathaniel [5] ; Jaffe, Rodolfo [1]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Ecol, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Embrapa Amazonia Oriental, BR-66095100 Belem, PA - Brazil
[3] Meliponario Mons Huberto Bruening, BR-59628720 Mossoro, RN - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Rural Semi Arido, Grp Pesquisa Abelhas Semi Arido, BR-59625900 Mossoro, RN - Brazil
[5] Univ Texas Austin, Dept Integrat Biol, Austin, TX 78712 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Economic Entomology; v. 108, n. 3, p. 858-867, JUN 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 3
Resumo

Even though stingless beekeeping has a great potential as a sustainable development tool, the activity remains essentially informal, technical knowledge is scarce, and management practices lack the sophistication and standardization found in apiculture. Here, we contributed to the further development of stingless beekeeping by investigating the long-term impact of management and climate on honey production and colony survival in the stingless bee Melipona subnitida Ducke (1910). We analyzed a 10-yr record of 155 M. subnitida colonies kept by a commercial honey producer of northeastern Brazil. This constitutes the longest and most accurate record available for a stingless bee. We modeled honey production in relation to time (years), age, management practices (colony division and food supplementation), and climatic factors (temperature and precipitation), and used a model selection approach to identify which factors best explained honey production. We also modeled colony mortality in relation to climatic factors. Although the amount of honey produced by each colony decreased over time, we found that the probability of producing honey increased over the years. Colony divisions decreased honey production, but did not affect honey presence, while supplementary feeding positively affected honey production. In warmer years, the probability of producing honey decreased and the amount of honey produced was lower. In years with lower precipitation, fewer colonies produced honey. In contrast, colony mortality was not affected by climatic factors, and some colonies lived up to nine years, enduring extreme climatic conditions. Our findings provide useful guidelines to improve management and honey production in stingless bees. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/13200-5 - Promovendo a meliponicultura para alcançar um desenvolvimento rural sustentável
Beneficiário:Rodolfo Jaffé Ribbi
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado