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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Gene Expression Response of Trichophyton rubrum during Coculture on Keratinocytes Exposed to Antifungal Agents

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Autor(es):
Komoto, Tatiana Takahasi [1] ; Bitencourt, Tamires Aparecida [1] ; Silva, Gabriel [1] ; Beleboni, Rene Oliveira [1] ; Marins, Mozart [1] ; Fachin, Ana Lucia [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Ribeirao Preto, Unidade Biotecnol, BR-14096900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine; 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 5
Resumo

Trichophyton rubrumis themost common causative agent of dermatomycoses worldwide, causing infection in the stratum corneum, nails, and hair. Despite the high prevalence of these infections, little is known about the molecular mechanisms involved in the fungal-host interaction, particularly during antifungal treatment. The aim of this work was to evaluate the gene expression of T. rubrum cocultured with keratinocytes and treated with the flavonoid trans-chalcone and the glycoalkaloid alpha-solanine. Both substances showed a marked antifungal activity against T. rubrum strain CBS (MIC = 1.15 and 17.8 mu g/mL, resp.). Cytotoxicity assay against HaCaT cells produced IC50 values of 44.18 to trans-chalcone and 61.60 mu M to alpha-solanine. The interaction of keratinocytes with T. rubrum conidia upregulated the expression of genes involved in the glyoxylate cycle, ergosterol synthesis, and genes encoding proteases but downregulated the ABC transporter TruMDR2 gene. However, both antifungals downregulated the ERG1 and ERG11, metalloprotease 4, serine proteinase, and TruMDR2 genes. Furthermore, the trans-chalcone downregulated the genes involved in the glyoxylate pathway, isocitrate lyase, and citrate synthase. Considering the urgent need for more efficient and safer antifungals, these results contribute to a better understanding of fungal-host interactions and to the discovery of new antifungal targets. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/03845-9 - Transcriptoma do dermatófito Trichophyton rubrum em resposta ao antifúngico transchalcona em condições de cultivo que simulam a infecção da pele humana
Beneficiário:Ana Lucia Fachin Saltoratto
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 12/02920-7 - Transcriptoma do dermatófito Trichophyton rubrum em resposta ao antifúngico transchalcona em condições de cultivo que simulam a infecção
Beneficiário:Tamires Aparecida Bitencourt
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado