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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Cardiac adaptations of bullfrog tadpoles in response to chytrid infection

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Autor(es):
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Salla, Raquel Fernanda [1] ; Gamero, Fernando Urban [1] ; Ribeiro, Larissa Rodrigues [1] ; Rizzi, Gisele Miglioranza [2] ; Dal Medico, Samuel Espinosa [1] ; Rissoli, Rafael Zanelli [3] ; Vieira, Conrado Augusto [4] ; Mathias Silva-zacarin, Elaine Cristina [2] ; Leite, Domingos Silva [5] ; Abdalla, Fabio Camargo [2] ; Toledo, Luis Felipe [5] ; Costa, Monica Jones [1]
Número total de Autores: 12
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos UFSCar, Dept Biol, Lab Conservat Physiol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Carlos UFSCar, Dept Biol, Lab Struct & Funct Biol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Sao Carlos UFSCar, Dept Physiol Sci, Lab Zoophysiol & Comparat Biochem LZBC, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] State Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Inst Biol, Dept Anim Biol, Lab Nat Hist Brazilian Amphibians LaHNA, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[5] State Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Dept Zool Museum Prof Adao Jose Cardoso, Dept Genet Evolut & Bioagents, Inst Biol, Lab Bacterial Antigens 2, Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL ZOOLOGY PART A-ECOLOGICAL GENETICS AND PHYSIOLOGY; v. 323, n. 7, p. 487-496, AUG 1 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 8
Resumo

The chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) can result in heart failure in Bd-susceptible species. Since Bd infection generally does not cause mortality in North American bullfrogs, the aim of this work was to verify whether this species presents any cardiac adaptation that could improve the tolerance to the fungus. Thus, we analyzed tadpoles' activity level, relative ventricular mass, ventricle morphology, in loco heart frequency, and in vitro cardiac function. The results indicate that infected animals present an increase in both ventricular relative mass and in myofibrils' incidence, which accompanied the increase in myocytes' diameter. Such morphological alterations enabled an increase in the in vitro twitch force that, in vivo, would result in elevation of the cardiac stroke volume. This response requires much less energy expenditure than an elevation in heart frequency, but still enables the heart to pump a higher volume of blood per minute (i.e., an increase in cardiac output). As a consequence, the energy saved in the regulation of the cardiac function of Bd-infected tadpoles can be employed in other homeostatic adjustments to avoid the lethal effect of the fungus. Whether other species present this ability, and to what extent, remains uncertain, but such possible interspecific variability might explain different mortality rates among different species of Bd-infected amphibians. J. Exp. Zool. 323A: 487-496, 2015. (c) 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/06632-3 - Efeitos da infecção pelo "Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis" sobre a morfofisiologia cardíaca de girinos de rã-touro
Beneficiário:Raquel Fernanda Salla Jacob
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 11/51694-7 - Into the heart of an epidemic: a US-Brazil collaboration for integrative studies of the amphibian-killing fungus in Brazil
Beneficiário:Luis Felipe de Toledo Ramos Pereira
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 08/57712-4 - Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas em Fisiologia Comparada
Beneficiário:Augusto Shinya Abe
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático