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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

THE DISSIMILAR CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF THE PLANET-HOSTING STARS OF THE XO-2 BINARY SYSTEM

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Ramirez, I. [1, 2] ; Khanal, S. [1, 2] ; Aleo, P. [1, 2] ; Sobotka, A. [2, 1] ; Liu, F. [3] ; Casagrande, L. [3] ; Melendez, J. [4] ; Yong, D. [3] ; Lambert, D. L. [1, 2] ; Asplund, M. [3]
Número total de Autores: 10
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Texas Austin, Dept Astron, Austin, TX 78712 - USA
[2] Univ Texas Austin, McDonald Observ, Austin, TX 78712 - USA
[3] Australian Natl Univ, Res Sch Astron & Astrophys, Mt Stromlo Observ, Weston, ACT 2611 - Australia
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Astron IAG USP, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL; v. 808, n. 1 JUL 20 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 33
Resumo

Using high-quality spectra of the twin stars in the XO-2 binary system, we have detected significant differences in the chemical composition of their photospheres. The differences correlate strongly with the elements' dust condensation temperature. In XO-2N, volatiles are enhanced by about 0.015 dex and refractories are overabundant by up to 0.090 dex. On average, our error bar in relative abundance is 0.012 dex. We present an early metal-depletion scenario in which the formation of the gas giant planets known to exist around these stars are responsible for a 0.015 dex offset in the abundances of all elements while 20 M-circle plus of non-detected rocky objects that formed around XO-2S explain the additional refractory-element difference. An alternative explanation involves the late accretion of at least 20 M-circle plus of planet-like material by XO-2N, allegedly as a result of the migration of the hot Jupiter detected around that star. Dust cleansing by a nearby hot star as well as age or Galactic birthplace effects can be ruled out as valid explanations for this phenomenon. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/24392-2 - Espectroscopia de alta precisão: impacto no estudo de planetas, estrelas, a galáxia e cosmologia
Beneficiário:Jorge Luis Melendez Moreno
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático