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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Biogeography of Neotropical Rainforests: past connections between Amazon and Atlantic Forest detected by ecological niche modeling

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Autor(es):
Sobral-Souza, Thadeu [1, 2] ; Lima-Ribeiro, Matheus S. [3] ; Solferini, Vera Nisaka [1]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Inst Biol, Dept Genet Evolut & Bioagents, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Inst Biol, Grad Program Ecol, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Goias, Macroecol Lab, UFG, Goiania, Go - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: EVOLUTIONARY ECOLOGY; v. 29, n. 5, p. 643-655, SEP 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 30
Resumo

During Paleogene the Neotropical region was mainly covered by rainforests and ancient Amazon (AM) and Atlantic Forest (AF) were continuous and interconnected. The Andean uplift and drastic climate changes along the Eocene/Miocene resulted in the formation of a drier area separating AM from AF. However, multiple evidences have indicated recurrent connections between Neotropical rainforests during Quaternary. In this study we predict biogeographical connections between Neotropical Forests during the last glacial maximum (LGM-21 ka) and establish the climatic conditions that favored such connections. We tested if the general climatic conditions suitable to both Amazon (AM) and AF were uniform across current Cerrado and Caatinga areas or did subsets of these climatic spaces have independent spatial displacements connecting specific regions of AM and AF. For these, 50 occurrence points equidistant in the climatic space were sampled along the western and eastern AM and northern and southern AF and used to built ecological niche models (ENM) for each region. Potential distributions were predicted for the current and the LGM climatic scenarios using an ensemble approach. The ENMs detected the disjunct distribution of the two Neotropical rainforests in the present and showed three main connections during LGM: (1) climate suitable to western AM were detected along the northern coast of Brazil, overlapping the putative distribution of northern AF; (2) climates suitable to southern AF, northern AF and western AM were detected along the area now occupied by southern limits of the Caatinga and (3) the climate suitable to southern AF was found at the south limits of the eastern AM. Our findings suggest that subsets of both AM and AF may be considered distinct biogeographical units as implied by different responses to climate changes. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/02526-7 - Filogeografia e estrutura genética populacional em espécies de aranhas (Arachnida, Araneae)
Beneficiário:Vera Nisaka Solferini
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular