Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Contemporary and historic factors influence differently genetic differentiation and diversity in a tropical palm

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Carvalho, C. da Silva [1, 2] ; Ribeiro, M. C. [1] ; Cortes, M. C. [1] ; Galetti, M. [1] ; Collevatti, R. G. [2]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista UNESP, Dept Ecol, BR-13506900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Goias, ICB, Lab Genet & Biodiversidade, Goiania, Go - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: HEREDITY; v. 115, n. 3, p. 216-224, SEP 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 21
Resumo

Population genetics theory predicts loss in genetic variability because of drift and inbreeding in isolated plant populations; however, it has been argued that long-distance pollination and seed dispersal may be able to maintain gene flow, even in highly fragmented landscapes. We tested how historical effective population size, historical migration and contemporary landscape structure, such as forest cover, patch isolation and matrix resistance, affect genetic variability and differentiation of seedlings in a tropical palm (Euterpe edulis) in a human-modified rainforest. We sampled 16 sites within five landscapes in the Brazilian Atlantic forest and assessed genetic variability and differentiation using eight microsatellite loci. Using a model selection approach, none of the covariates explained the variation observed in inbreeding coefficients among populations. The variation in genetic diversity among sites was best explained by historical effective population size. Allelic richness was best explained by historical effective population size and matrix resistance, whereas genetic differentiation was explained by matrix resistance. Coalescence analysis revealed high historical migration between sites within landscapes and constant historical population sizes, showing that the genetic differentiation is most likely due to recent changes caused by habitat loss and fragmentation. Overall, recent landscape changes have a greater influence on among-population genetic variation than historical gene flow process. As immediate restoration actions in landscapes with low forest amount, the development of more permeable matrices to allow the movement of pollinators and seed dispersers may be an effective strategy to maintain microevolutionary processes. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/01029-5 - Efeitos ecológicos e genéticos da variação do tamanho das sementes em paisagem defaunada
Beneficiário:Carolina da Silva Carvalho
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado