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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Oxygen transfer in a pressurized airlift bioreactor

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Campani, Gilson [1] ; Arruda Ribeiro, Marcelo Perencin [2] ; Luperni Horta, Antonio Carlos [2, 1] ; Giordano, Roberto Campos [1, 2] ; Badino, Alberto Colli [2, 1] ; Zangirolami, Teresa Cristina [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Fed Univ Sao Carlos PPEQ UFSCar, Chem Engn Grad Program, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Chem Engn, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering; v. 38, n. 8, p. 1559-1567, AUG 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 8
Resumo

Airlift bioreactors (ALBs) offer advantages over conventional systems, such as simplicity of construction, reduced risk of contamination, and efficient gas-liquid dispersion with low power consumption. ALBs are usually operated under atmospheric pressure. However, in bioprocesses with high oxygen demand, such as high cell density cultures, oxygen limitation may occur even when operating with high superficial gas velocity and air enriched with oxygen. One way of overcoming this drawback is to pressurize the reactor. In this configuration, it is important to assess the influence of bioreactor internal pressure on the gas hold-up, volumetric oxygen transfer coefficient (), and volumetric oxygen transfer rate (). Experiments were carried out in a concentric-tube airlift bioreactor with a 5 dm(3) working volume, equipped with a system for automatic monitoring and control of the pressure, temperature, and inlet gas flow rate. The results showed that, in disagreement with previous published results for bubble column and external loop airlift reactors, overpressure did not significantly affect within the studied ranges of pressure (0.1-0.4 MPa) and superficial gas velocity in the riser (0.032-0.065 m s(-1)). Nevertheless, a positive effect on was observed: it increased up to 5.4 times, surpassing by 2.3 times the oxygen transfer in a 4 dm(3) stirred tank reactor operated under standard cultivation conditions. These results contribute to the development of non-conventional reactors, especially pneumatic bioreactors operated using novel strategies for oxygen control. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/05207-4 - Vacina conjugada anti-pneumocócica: estudos sobre a viabilidade de uma vacina polissacarídeo capsular - PSPA
Beneficiário:Martha Massako Tanizaki
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 11/16605-3 - Cultivo de rE. coli em biorreator airlift: desenvolvimento de estratégias para otimização da produção de biomassa
Beneficiário:Gilson Campani Junior
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado