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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Pleistocene megafaunal interaction networks became more vulnerable after human arrival

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Autor(es):
Pires, Mathias M. [1] ; Koch, Paul L. [2] ; Farina, Richard A. [3] ; de Aguiart, Marcus A. M. [4] ; dos Reis, Sergio F. [5] ; Guimaraes, Jr., Paulo R. [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Ecol, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Dept Earth & Planetary Sci, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 - USA
[3] Univ Republica, Fac Ciencias, Secc Paleontol, Montevideo 11400 - Uruguay
[4] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Fis Gleb Wataghin, Dept Fis Materia Condensada, BR-13083862 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Biol Anim, BR-13083862 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; v. 282, n. 1814, p. 64-72, SEP 7 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 9
Resumo

The end of the Pleistocene was marked by the extinction of almost all large land mammals worldwide except in Africa. Although the debate on Pleistocene extinctions has focused on the roles of climate change and humans, the impact of perturbations depends on properties of ecological communities, such as species composition and the organization of ecological interactions. Here, we combined palaeoecological and ecological data, food-web models and community stability analysis to investigate if differences between Pleistocene and modern mammalian assemblages help us understand why the inegafauna died out in the Americas while persisting in Africa. We show Pleistocene and modern assemblages share similar network topology, but differences in richness and body size distributions made Pleistocene communities significantly more vulnerable to the effects of human arrival. The structural changes promoted by humans in Pleistocene networks would have increased the likelihood of unstable dynamics, which may favour extinction cascades in communities facing extrinsic perturbations. Our findings suggest that the basic aspects of the organization of ecological communities may have played an important role in major extinction events in the past. Knowledge of community-level properties and their consequences to dynamics may be critical to understand past and future extinctions. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 09/54422-8 - Estrutura e dinâmica coevolutiva em redes de interações mutualísticas
Beneficiário:Paulo Roberto Guimarães Junior
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 09/54567-6 - Redes tróficas do Pleistoceno: estrutura e fragilidade
Beneficiário:Mathias Mistretta Pires
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 06/04682-5 - Redes ecológicas: análise espectral e resposta dinâmica
Beneficiário:Paulo Roberto Guimarães Junior
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado