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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Arthropod venom Hyaluronidases: biochemical properties and potential applications in medicine and biotechnology

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Bordon, Karla C. F. [1] ; Wiezel, Gisele A. [1] ; Amorim, Fernanda G. [1] ; Arantes, Eliane C. [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Pharmaceut Sci Ribeirao Preto, Dept Chem & Phys, BR-14040903 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo de Revisão
Fonte: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases; v. 21, OCT 22 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 25
Resumo

Hyaluronidases are enzymes that mainly degrade hyaluronan, the major glycosaminoglycan of the interstitial matrix. They are involved in several pathological and physiological activities including fertilization, wound healing, embryogenesis, angiogenesis, diffusion of toxins and drugs, metastasis, pneumonia, sepsis, bacteremia, meningitis, inflammation and allergy, among others. Hyaluronidases are widely distributed in nature and the enzymes from mammalian spermatozoa, lysosomes and animal venoms belong to the subclass EC 3.2.1.35. To date, only five three-dimensional structures for arthropod venom hyaluronidases (Apis mellifera and Vespula vulgaris) were determined. Additionally, there are four molecular models for hyaluronidases from Mesobuthus martensii, Polybia paulista and Tityus serrulatus venoms. These enzymes are employed as adjuvants to increase the absorption and dispersion of other drugs and have been used in various off-label clinical conditions to reduce tissue edema. Moreover, a PEGylated form of a recombinant human hyaluronidase is currently under clinical trials for the treatment of metastatic pancreatic cancer. This review focuses on the arthropod venom hyaluronidases and provides an overview of their biochemical properties, role in the envenoming, structure/activity relationship, and potential medical and biotechnological applications. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/23236-4 - Toxinas animais nativas e recombinantes: análise funcional, estrutural e molecular
Beneficiário:Suely Vilela
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 14/06170-8 - Caracterização bioquímica e avaliação in vitro da ativação de fibroblastos e do potencial leishmanicida de uma L-aminoácido oxidase (LAAO) da peçonha de Crotalus durissus terrificus
Beneficiário:Gisele Adriano Wiezel
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 11/12317-3 - Clonagem e expressão heteróloga da hialuronidase e/ou novas toxinas obtidas a partir do transcriptoma da glândula da peçonha de Tityus serrulatus
Beneficiário:Fernanda Gobbi Amorim
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado