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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Carbon mineralization pathways and bioturbation in coastal Brazilian sediments

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Autor(es):
Quintana, Cintia O. [1, 2] ; Shimabukuro, Maurcio [1] ; Pereira, Camila O. [1] ; Alves, Betina G. R. [1] ; Moraes, Paula C. [1] ; Valdemarsen, Thomas [2] ; Kristensen, Erik [2] ; Sumida, Paulo Y. G. [1]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Oceanog, BR-05508120 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Southern Denmark, Dept Biol, DK-5230 Odense M - Denmark
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS; v. 5, NOV 3 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 10
Resumo

Carbon mineralization processes and their dependence on environmental conditions (e.g. through macrobenthic bioturbation) have been widely studied in temperate coastal sediments, but almost nothing is known about these processes in subtropical coastal sediments. This study investigated pathways of organic carbon mineralization and associated effects of macrobenthic bioturbation in winter and summer (September 2012 and February 2014) at the SE Brazilian coast. Iron reduction (FeR) was responsible for 73-81% of total microbial carbon mineralization in September 2012 and 3261% in February 2014. Similar high rates of FeR have only been documented a few times in coastal sediments and can be sustained by the presence of large bioturbators. Denitrification accounted for 5-27% of total microbial carbon mineralization while no SO42- reduction was detected in any season. Redox profiles suggested that conditions were less reduced in February 2014 than in September 2012, probably associated with low reactivity of the organic matter, higher rates of aerobic respiration and bioirrigation by the higher density of small-macrofauna. Bioturbation by small macrofauna may maintain the sediment oxidized in summer, while large-sized species stimulate the reoxidation of reduced compounds throughout the year. Therefore, bioturbation seems to have an important role modulating the pathways of carbon mineralization in the area. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/06121-1 - Vias de degradação da matéria orgânica em sedimentos costeiros marinhos: implicações para o funcionamento do ecossistema (pathways)
Beneficiário:Cintia Organo Quintana
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado