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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Early South Americans Cranial Morphological Variation and the Origin of American Biological Diversity

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Autor(es):
Hubbe, Mark [1, 2] ; Strauss, Andre [3] ; Hubbe, Alex [4] ; Neves, Walter A. [5]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Ohio State Univ, Dept Anthropol, Columbus, OH 43210 - USA
[2] Univ Catolica Norte, Inst Invest Arqueol & Museo, San Pedro De Atacama, Region De Antof - Chile
[3] Max Planck Inst Evolutionary Anthropol, Dept Human Evolut, Leipzig - Germany
[4] Univ Fed Bahia, Inst Geociencias, Dept Oceanog, Salvador, BA - Brazil
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Genet & Biol Evolut, Lab Estudos Evolut Humanos, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 10, n. 10 OCT 14 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 10
Resumo

Recent South Americans have been described as presenting high regional cranial morphological diversity when compared to other regions of the world. This high diversity is in accordance with linguistic and some of the molecular data currently available for the continent, but the origin of this diversity has not been satisfactorily explained yet. Here we explore if this high morphological variation was already present among early groups in South America, in order to refine our knowledge about the timing and origins of the modern morphological diversity. Between-group (Fst estimates) and within-group variances (trace of within-group covariance matrix) of the only two early American population samples available to date (Lagoa Santa and Sabana de Bogota) were estimated based on linear craniometric measurements and compared to modern human cranial series representing six regions of the world, including the Americas. The results show that early Americans present moderate within-group diversity, falling well within the range of modern human groups, despite representing almost three thousand years of human occupation. The between-group variance apportionment is very low between early Americans, but is high among recent South American groups, who show values similar to the ones observed on a global scale. Although limited to only two early South American series, these results suggest that the high morphological diversity of native South Americans was not present among the first human groups arriving in the continent and must have originated during the Middle Holocene, possibly due to the arrival of new morphological diversity coming from Asia during the Holocene. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 04/01321-6 - Origens e microevolução do homem na América: uma abordagem paleoantropológica (III)
Beneficiário:Walter Alves Neves
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 08/51747-0 - Caracterização das práticas mortuárias dos caçadores-coletores pré-históricos da Lapa do Santo, Lagoa Santa (MG)
Beneficiário:André Menezes Strauss
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 12/24937-9 - Evolução craniana dos Xenarthra (Mammalia): modularidade e suas consequências evolutivas na diversificação morfológica
Beneficiário:Alex Christian Rohrig Hubbe
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado