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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

INHIBITION OF LONG-TERM POTENTIATION IN THE SCHAFFER-CA1 PATHWAY BY REPETITIVE HIGH-INTENSITY SOUND STIMULATION

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Autor(es):
Cunha, A. O. S. [1] ; De Oliveira, J. A. C. [1] ; Almeida, S. S. [2] ; Garcia-Cairasco, N. [1] ; Leao, R. M. [1]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, FMRP, Dept Physiol, BR-14040090 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, FFCLRP, Dept Psychol, BR-14040090 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Neuroscience; v. 310, p. 114-127, DEC 3 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 10
Resumo

High-intensity sound can induce seizures in susceptible animals. After repeated acoustic stimuli changes in behavioural seizure repertoire and epileptic EEG activity might be seen in recruited limbic and forebrain structures, a phenomenon known as audiogenic kindling. It is postulated that audiogenic kindling can produce synaptic plasticity events leading to the spread of epileptogenic activity to the limbic system. In order to test this hypothesis, we investigated if long-term potentiation (LTP) of hippocampal Schaffer-CA1 synapses and spatial navigation memory are altered by a repeated high-intensity sound stimulation (HISS) protocol, consisting of one-minute 120 dB broadband noise applied twice a day for 10 days, in normal Wistar rats and in audiogenic seizure-prone rats (Wistar Audiogenic Rats - WARs). After HISS all WARs exhibited midbrain seizures and 50% of these animals developed limbic recruitment, while only 26% of Wistar rats presented midbrain seizures and none of them had limbic recruitment. In naive animals, LTP in hippocampal CA1 neurons was induced by 50- or 100-Hz high-frequency stimulation of Schaffer fibres in slices from both Wistar and WAR animals similarly. Surprisingly, HISS suppressed LTP in CA1 neurons in slices from Wistar rats that did not present any seizure, and inhibited LTP in slices from Wistar rats with only midbrain seizures. However HISS had no effect on LTP in CA1 neurons from slices of WARs. Interestingly HISS did not alter spatial navigation and memory in both strains. These findings show that repeated high-intensity sound stimulation prevent LTP of Schaffer-CA1 synapses from Wistar rats, without affecting spatial memory. This effect was not seen in hippocampi from audiogenic seizureprone WARs. In WARs the link between auditory stimulation and hippocampal LTP seems to be disrupted which could be relevant for the susceptibility to seizures in this strain. (C) 2015 IBRO. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/09421-6 - Estudo dos efeitos do salicilato sobre a neurotransmissão e plasticidade sináptica nos neurônios do núcleo coclear dorsal (NCD)
Beneficiário:Ricardo Mauricio Xavier Leão
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 07/50261-4 - Neurociências, epilepsia e arte: caracterização interdisciplinar da cepa WAR e modelos de epilepsia correlacionados: as oficinas Da Vinci, divulgação científica e quebras de estigmas em epilepsia
Beneficiário:Norberto Garcia Cairasco
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático