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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

PEGylation: A Successful Approach to Improve the Biopharmaceutical Potential of Snake Venom Thrombin-Like Serine Protease

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Autor(es):
da-Silva-Freitas, Debora [1] ; Boldrini-Franca, Johara [1] ; Arantes, Eliane Candiani [1]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Pharmaceut Sci Ribeirao Preto, Dept Chem & Phys, BR-14040903 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PROTEIN AND PEPTIDE LETTERS; v. 22, n. 12, p. 1133-1139, 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 3
Resumo

PEGylation is considered a successful technique to enhance the therapeutic and biotechnological potentials of peptides, proteins, toxins and drugs. The conjugation of polyethylene glycol (PEG) increases the size and molecular weight of conjugated molecule and improves its pharmacokinetics and pharmacodinamics by increasing water solubility, protecting from enzymatic degradation, reducing renal clearance and limiting immunogenic and antigenic reactions. These features are very useful for therapeutic proteins, since PEGylated proteins exhibit high stability and very low immunogenicity, ensuring a sustained clinical response with minimal dose and less frequent administration. The modification of snake venom toxins by PEGylation is a promising strategy to increase the use of these biomolecules in clinical practice, which has been limited by side effects of immune reactions in patients. Thrombin-like serine protease from Crotalus durissus collilineatus (SPCdc) is able to convert fibrinogen into fibrin and presents potential therapeutic application in cases of myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke and other thrombotic and vascular disorders. In this study we modified the SPCdc by site-specific PEGylation, producing the unique conjugate of molecular mass around 35 kDa, named SPCdc-PEG. Unexpectedly, the K-m of the PEGylated enzyme (K-m = 0.447 mM +/- 0.025) was smaller than that of the native enzyme (K-m = 0.770 mM +/- 0.020), indicating that PEG-SPCdc has a higher affinity for the substrate TAME than SPCdc. Additionally, the values of K-cat/K-m (1163 mM.min(-1), for SPCdc-PEG and 350 mM.min(-1), for SPCdc) showed that PEGylated enzyme has higher catalytic efficiency than the native form. These results demonstrated the relevant biopharmaceutical potential of SPCdc-PEG. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/23236-4 - Toxinas animais nativas e recombinantes: análise funcional, estrutural e molecular
Beneficiário:Suely Vilela
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 08/11688-5 - Venômica e antivenômica de três subespécies de Caudisona durissus brasileiras e expressão de uma protease de interesse biotecnológico clonada da glândula de peçonha de C. d. collilineatus
Beneficiário:Johara Boldrini França
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado