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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Control of Phasic Firing by a Background Leak Current in Avian Forebrain Auditory Neurons

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Dagostin, Andre A. [1] ; Lovell, Peter V. [2] ; Hilscher, Markus M. [3, 4] ; Mello, Claudio V. [2] ; Leao, Ricardo M. [1]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med Ribeirao Preto, Dept Physiol, BR-14049 Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
[2] Oregon Hlth & Sci Univ, Dept Behav Neurosci, Portland, OR 97201 - USA
[3] Univ Fed Rio Grande do Norte, Inst Brain, BR-59072970 Natal, RN - Brazil
[4] Vienna Univ Technol, Inst Anal & Sci Comp, A-1040 Vienna - Austria
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FRONTIERS IN CELLULAR NEUROSCIENCE; v. 9, DEC 10 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

Central neurons express a variety of neuronal types and ion channels that promote firing heterogeneity among their distinct neuronal populations. Action potential (AP) phasic firing, produced by low-threshold voltage-activated potassium currents (VAKCs), is commonly observed in mammalian brainstem neurons involved in the processing of temporal properties of the acoustic information. The avian caudomedial nidopallium (NCM) is an auditory area analogous to portions of the mammalian auditory cortex that is involved in the perceptual discrimination and memorization of birdsong and shows complex responses to auditory stimuli We performed in vitro whole cell patch clamp recordings in brain slices from adult zebra finches (Taeniopygia guttata) and observed that half of NCM neurons fire APs phasically in response to membrane depolarizations, while the rest fire transiently or tonically. Phasic neurons fired APs faster and with more temporal precision than tonic and transient neurons. These neurons had similar membrane resting potentials, but phasic neurons had lower membrane input resistance and time constant. Surprisingly phasic neurons did not express low-threshold VAKCs, which curtailed firing in phasic mammalian brainstem neurons, having similar VAKCs to other NCM neurons. The phasic firing was determined not by VAKCs, but by the potassium background leak conductances, which was more prominently expressed in phasic neurons, a result corroborated by pharmacological, dynamic-clamp, and modeling experiments. These results reveal a new role for leak currents in generating firing diversity in central neurons. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/04618-0 - Caracterização eletrofisiológica, sináptica e molecular dos neurônios Nidopálio Caudomedial uma área responsável pelo processamento auditivo em aves canoras
Beneficiário:Ricardo Mauricio Xavier Leão
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 12/09421-6 - Estudo dos efeitos do salicilato sobre a neurotransmissão e plasticidade sináptica nos neurônios do núcleo coclear dorsal (NCD)
Beneficiário:Ricardo Mauricio Xavier Leão
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 08/10015-7 - Caracterização eletrofisiológica, sináptica e molecular dos neurônios Nidopálio Caudomedial, uma área responsável pelo processamento auditivo em aves canoras
Beneficiário:André Luiz Andreotti Dagostin
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado