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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Long-Term Lithium Treatment Increases cPLA(2) and iPLA(2) Activity in Cultured Cortical and Hippocampal Neurons

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Autor(es):
De-Paula, Vanessa de Jesus [1] ; Kerr, Daniel Shikanai [1] ; Fabiano de Carvalho, Marilia Palma [1] ; Schaeffer, Evelin Lisete [1] ; Talib, Leda Leme [1] ; Gattaz, Wagner Farid [1] ; Forlenza, Orestes Vicente [1]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept & Inst Psychiat, Fac Med, Lab Neurosci LIM 27, BR-05403010 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Molecules; v. 20, n. 11, p. 19878-19885, NOV 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 6
Resumo

Background: Experimental evidence supports the neuroprotective properties of lithium, with implications for the treatment and prevention of dementia and other neurodegenerative disorders. Lithium modulates critical intracellular pathways related to neurotrophic support, inflammatory response, autophagy and apoptosis. There is additional evidence indicating that lithium may also affect membrane homeostasis. Objective: To investigate the effect of lithium on cytosolic phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) activity, a key player on membrane phospholipid turnover which has been found to be reduced in blood and brain tissue of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Methods: Primary cultures of cortical and hippocampal neurons were treated for 7 days with different concentrations of lithium chloride (0.02 mM, 0.2 mM and 2 mM). A radio-enzymatic assay was used to determine the total activity of PLA(2) and two PLA(2) subtypes: cytosolic calcium-dependent (cPLA(2)); and calcium-independent (iPLA(2)). Results: cPLA(2) activity increased by 82% (0.02 mM; p = 0.05) and 26% (0.2 mM; p = 0.04) in cortical neurons and by 61% (0.2 mM; p = 0.03) and 57% (2 mM; p = 0.04) in hippocampal neurons. iPLA(2) activity was increased by 7% (0.2 mM; p = 0.04) and 13% (2 mM; p = 0.05) in cortical neurons and by 141% (0.02 mM; p = 0.0198) in hippocampal neurons. Conclusion: long-term lithium treatment increases membrane phospholipid metabolism in neurons through the activation of total, c- and iPLA(2). This effect is more prominent at sub-therapeutic concentrations of lithium, and the activation of distinct cytosolic PLA(2) subtypes is tissue specific, i.e., iPLA(2) in hippocampal neurons, and cPLA(2) in cortical neurons. Because PLA(2) activities are reported to be reduced in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and bipolar disorder (BD), the present findings provide a possible mechanism by which long-term lithium treatment may be useful in the prevention of the disease. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 09/52825-8 - Neurobiologia da doença de Alzheimer: marcadores de risco, prognóstico e resposta terapêutica
Beneficiário:Wagner Farid Gattaz
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 11/19892-3 - Efeitos do lítio sobre a expressão e atividade das enzimas Fosfolipase A2 e glicogênio sintase quinase 3B e sua relação com o estado de fosforilação da proteína Tau
Beneficiário:Vanessa de Jesus Rodrigues de Paula
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado